Helicobacter pylori induces the release of α-defensin by human granulocytes

Á K. Kocsis, I. Ocsovszky, L. Tiszlavicz, Z. Tiszlavicz, Y. Mándi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Little information is available on the potential role of α-defensins derived from neutrophils during H. pylori infection, or the effect of H. pylori on the α-defensin release. The effects of H. pylori on human granulocytes were investigated in vitro by flow cytometry and ELISA. Additionally we sought to identify by immunohistochemistry the α-defensins within the gastric mucosa of patients infected with H. pylori. Materials and Methods: The intracellular expression of α-defensin in human granulocytes and in mononuclear cells was determined by flow cytometry. Induction of α-defensin release from granulocytes, mononuclear cells, or from whole blood cultures by H. pylori was detected by measuring the HNP1-3 (α-defensin) concentrations in the supernatants by ELISA. Immunohistochemistry was used to identify HNP1-3 in infiltrating neutrophils in the gastric mucosa of eight patients. Results: A considerable intracellular α-defensin staining was observed in granulocytes. Stimulation of granulocytes with H. pylori resulted in a decrease in intracellular staining which was due to the extracellular release of α-defensin. In whole blood cultures H. pylori infection resulted in significantly high α-defensin concentrations (131623 ± 13986 pg/ml), which were mainly due to the activity of the granulocytes with only a minor amount furnished by the mononuclear cells. In H. pylori-infected mucosa, infiltrating neutrophils showed intense immunostaining with anti-HNP1-3. The intensity of α-defensin staining varied parallel with the density of H. pylori in the biopsy samples. Conclusions: H. pylori induce α-defensin release from granulocytes which may well be important in local host response to H. pylori infection in gastroduodenal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-247
Number of pages7
JournalInflammation Research
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Fingerprint

Defensins
Granulocytes
Helicobacter pylori
Helicobacter Infections
Neutrophils
Staining and Labeling
Gastric Mucosa
Flow Cytometry
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Immunohistochemistry
Mucous Membrane

Keywords

  • Defensins
  • ELISA
  • Flow cytometry
  • Granulocytes
  • Helicobacter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Helicobacter pylori induces the release of α-defensin by human granulocytes. / Kocsis, Á K.; Ocsovszky, I.; Tiszlavicz, L.; Tiszlavicz, Z.; Mándi, Y.

In: Inflammation Research, Vol. 58, No. 5, 05.2009, p. 241-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kocsis, Á K. ; Ocsovszky, I. ; Tiszlavicz, L. ; Tiszlavicz, Z. ; Mándi, Y. / Helicobacter pylori induces the release of α-defensin by human granulocytes. In: Inflammation Research. 2009 ; Vol. 58, No. 5. pp. 241-247.
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