Heavy metal accumulation in calcareous soil and sorghum plants after addition of sulphur-containing waste as a soil amendment in Turkey

Mustafa Kaplan, Şule Orman, I. Kádár, Jozsef Koncz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of sulphur containing industrial waste with respect to heavy metals on calcareous clay soil and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) plant, as soil amendment. Pot experiment was established with a rate of 0, 20, 40, 60 t ha-1 air dry waste and 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 t ha-1 elemental sulphur and 0.5 t ha-1 sulphur + 20 t ha-1 waste. The use of waste on the soil with high CaCO3 and clay content did not create heavy metal (Ni, Cr, Co and Cd) build-up or toxicity. Even after the application of the high level of waste, it could not be seen any important toxic element accumulation in sorghum plant. Although the sulphur-rich waste, approximately up to 1 million t in the vicinity of Keçiborlu Sulphur Factory Isparta/Turkey, can be considered as amendment product for reclamation of saline-sodic and calcareous soils common in Turkey and other countries, repeated waste applications would result in different heavy metal accumulation rates. Therefore, it is needed to be examined with long term field experiments and different crops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume111
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005

Fingerprint

soil amendment
calcareous soil
soil amendments
calcareous soils
sorghum
Sorghum (Poaceae)
sulfur
heavy metals
Turkey (country)
heavy metal
saline sodic soils
sodic soil
industrial wastes
saline soil
industrial waste
Sorghum bicolor
factories
clay soil
accumulation rate
clay soils

Keywords

  • Cd
  • Cr
  • Heavy metals
  • Industrial wastes
  • Ni
  • Pb
  • Soil amendment
  • Sorghum
  • Sorghum bicolor L.
  • Sulphur

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Heavy metal accumulation in calcareous soil and sorghum plants after addition of sulphur-containing waste as a soil amendment in Turkey. / Kaplan, Mustafa; Orman, Şule; Kádár, I.; Koncz, Jozsef.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 111, No. 1-4, 01.12.2005, p. 41-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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