Heavy metal accumulation and tolerance of energy grass (Elymus elongatus subsp. ponticus cv. Szarvasi-1) grown in hydroponic culture

Gyula Sipos, Ádám Solti, Viktória Czech, Ildikó Vashegyi, Brigitta Tóth, Edit Cseh, Ferenc Fodor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phytoremediation is a plant based, cost effective technology to detoxify or stabilise contaminated soils. Fast growing, high biomass, perennial plants may be used not only in phytoremediation but also in energy production. Szarvasi-1 energy grass (Elymus elongatus subsp. ponticus cv. Szarvasi-1), a good candidate for this combined application, was grown in nutrient solution in order to assess its Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn accumulation and tolerance. Its shoot metal accumulation showed the order Pb<Ni<Cu~Cd<Zn. In parallel with this, Pb and Ni had no or very little influence on the growth, dry matter content, chlorophyll concentration and transpiration of the plants. Cu and Cd treatment resulted in significant decreases in all these parameters that can be attributed to Fe plaque formation in the roots suggested by markedly increased Fe and Cu accumulation. This came together with decreased shoot and root Mn concentrations in both treatments while shoot Cu and Zn concentrations decreased under Cd and Cu exposure, respectively. Zn treatment had no effect or even slightly stimulated the plants. This may be due to a slight stimulation of Fe translocation and a very efficient detoxification mechanism. Based on the average 300mgkg-1 (dry mass) Zn concentration which is 0.03% of the shoot dry mass the variety is suggested to be classified as Zn accumulator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-103
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Heavy metal accumulation
  • Iron plaque
  • Phytoremediation
  • Szarvasi-1 energy grass
  • Tall wheatgrass
  • Zinc accumulator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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