Heart Failure Increases the Risk of Adverse Renal Outcomes in Patients with Normal Kidney Function

Lekha K. George, Santhosh K.G. Koshy, M. Molnár, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun L. Lu, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P. Kovesdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Heart failure (HF) is associated with poor cardiac outcomes and mortality. It is not known whether HF leads to poor renal outcomes in patients with normal kidney function. We hypothesized that HF is associated with worse long-term renal outcomes. Methods and Results Among 3 570 865 US veterans with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 during October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2006, we identified 156 743 with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of HF. We examined the association of HF with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), the composite of incident CKD or mortality, and rapid rate of eGFR decline (slopes steeper than -5 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 y-1) using Cox proportional hazard analyses and logistic regression. Adjustments were made for various confounders. The mean±standard deviation baseline age and eGFR of HF patients were 68±11 years and 78±14 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 and in patients without HF were 59±14 years and 84±16 mL min-1 1.73 m-2, respectively. HF patients had higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac, peripheral vascular and chronic lung diseases, stroke, and dementia. Incidence of CKD was 69.0/1000 patient-years in HF patients versus 14.5/1000 patient-years in patients without HF, and 22% of patients with HF had rapid decline in eGFR compared with 8.5% in patients without HF. HF patients had a 2.12-, 2.06-, and 2.13-fold higher multivariable-adjusted risk of incident CKD, composite of CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline, respectively. Conclusions HF is associated with significantly higher risk of incident CKD, incident CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline. Early diagnosis and management of HF could help reduce the risk of long-term renal complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere003825
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

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Heart Failure
Kidney
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Mortality
Social Adjustment
International Classification of Diseases
Veterans
Lung Diseases
Blood Vessels
Dementia
Early Diagnosis
Diabetes Mellitus
Chronic Disease
Logistic Models
Stroke
Hypertension

Keywords

  • glomerular filtration rate
  • heart failure
  • incidence
  • kidney diseases
  • mortality
  • renal insufficiency
  • veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Heart Failure Increases the Risk of Adverse Renal Outcomes in Patients with Normal Kidney Function. / George, Lekha K.; Koshy, Santhosh K.G.; Molnár, M.; Thomas, Fridtjof; Lu, Jun L.; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar; Kovesdy, Csaba P.

In: Circulation: Heart Failure, Vol. 10, No. 8, e003825, 01.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

George, Lekha K. ; Koshy, Santhosh K.G. ; Molnár, M. ; Thomas, Fridtjof ; Lu, Jun L. ; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar ; Kovesdy, Csaba P. / Heart Failure Increases the Risk of Adverse Renal Outcomes in Patients with Normal Kidney Function. In: Circulation: Heart Failure. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 8.
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abstract = "Background Heart failure (HF) is associated with poor cardiac outcomes and mortality. It is not known whether HF leads to poor renal outcomes in patients with normal kidney function. We hypothesized that HF is associated with worse long-term renal outcomes. Methods and Results Among 3 570 865 US veterans with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 during October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2006, we identified 156 743 with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of HF. We examined the association of HF with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), the composite of incident CKD or mortality, and rapid rate of eGFR decline (slopes steeper than -5 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 y-1) using Cox proportional hazard analyses and logistic regression. Adjustments were made for various confounders. The mean±standard deviation baseline age and eGFR of HF patients were 68±11 years and 78±14 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 and in patients without HF were 59±14 years and 84±16 mL min-1 1.73 m-2, respectively. HF patients had higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac, peripheral vascular and chronic lung diseases, stroke, and dementia. Incidence of CKD was 69.0/1000 patient-years in HF patients versus 14.5/1000 patient-years in patients without HF, and 22{\%} of patients with HF had rapid decline in eGFR compared with 8.5{\%} in patients without HF. HF patients had a 2.12-, 2.06-, and 2.13-fold higher multivariable-adjusted risk of incident CKD, composite of CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline, respectively. Conclusions HF is associated with significantly higher risk of incident CKD, incident CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline. Early diagnosis and management of HF could help reduce the risk of long-term renal complications.",
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AU - George, Lekha K.

AU - Koshy, Santhosh K.G.

AU - Molnár, M.

AU - Thomas, Fridtjof

AU - Lu, Jun L.

AU - Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar

AU - Kovesdy, Csaba P.

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N2 - Background Heart failure (HF) is associated with poor cardiac outcomes and mortality. It is not known whether HF leads to poor renal outcomes in patients with normal kidney function. We hypothesized that HF is associated with worse long-term renal outcomes. Methods and Results Among 3 570 865 US veterans with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 during October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2006, we identified 156 743 with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of HF. We examined the association of HF with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), the composite of incident CKD or mortality, and rapid rate of eGFR decline (slopes steeper than -5 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 y-1) using Cox proportional hazard analyses and logistic regression. Adjustments were made for various confounders. The mean±standard deviation baseline age and eGFR of HF patients were 68±11 years and 78±14 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 and in patients without HF were 59±14 years and 84±16 mL min-1 1.73 m-2, respectively. HF patients had higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac, peripheral vascular and chronic lung diseases, stroke, and dementia. Incidence of CKD was 69.0/1000 patient-years in HF patients versus 14.5/1000 patient-years in patients without HF, and 22% of patients with HF had rapid decline in eGFR compared with 8.5% in patients without HF. HF patients had a 2.12-, 2.06-, and 2.13-fold higher multivariable-adjusted risk of incident CKD, composite of CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline, respectively. Conclusions HF is associated with significantly higher risk of incident CKD, incident CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline. Early diagnosis and management of HF could help reduce the risk of long-term renal complications.

AB - Background Heart failure (HF) is associated with poor cardiac outcomes and mortality. It is not known whether HF leads to poor renal outcomes in patients with normal kidney function. We hypothesized that HF is associated with worse long-term renal outcomes. Methods and Results Among 3 570 865 US veterans with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 during October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2006, we identified 156 743 with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of HF. We examined the association of HF with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), the composite of incident CKD or mortality, and rapid rate of eGFR decline (slopes steeper than -5 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 y-1) using Cox proportional hazard analyses and logistic regression. Adjustments were made for various confounders. The mean±standard deviation baseline age and eGFR of HF patients were 68±11 years and 78±14 mL min-1 1.73 m-2 and in patients without HF were 59±14 years and 84±16 mL min-1 1.73 m-2, respectively. HF patients had higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac, peripheral vascular and chronic lung diseases, stroke, and dementia. Incidence of CKD was 69.0/1000 patient-years in HF patients versus 14.5/1000 patient-years in patients without HF, and 22% of patients with HF had rapid decline in eGFR compared with 8.5% in patients without HF. HF patients had a 2.12-, 2.06-, and 2.13-fold higher multivariable-adjusted risk of incident CKD, composite of CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline, respectively. Conclusions HF is associated with significantly higher risk of incident CKD, incident CKD or mortality, and rapid eGFR decline. Early diagnosis and management of HF could help reduce the risk of long-term renal complications.

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KW - incidence

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KW - mortality

KW - renal insufficiency

KW - veterans

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