Healthcare utilization and all-cause premature mortality in Hungarian segregated Roma settlements: Evaluation of specific indicators in a cross-sectional study

J. Sándor, Anita Pálinkás, Ferenc Vincze, Nóra Kovács, Valéria Sipos, László Kőrösi, Zsófia Falusi, László Pál, Gergely Fürjes, Magor Papp, R. Ádány

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Roma is the largest ethnic minority of Europe with deprived health status, which is poorly explored due to legal constrains of ethnicity assessment. We aimed to elaborate health indicators for adults living in segregated Roma settlements (SRS), representing the most vulnerable Roma subpopulation. SRSs were mapped in a study area populated by 54,682 adults. Records of all adults living in the study area were processed in the National Institute of Health Insurance Fund Management. Aggregated, age-sex standardized SRS-specific and non-SRS-specific indicators on healthcare utilization and all-cause premature death along with the ratio of them (RR) were computed with 95% confidence intervals. The rate of GP appointments was significantly higher among SRS inhabitants (RR = 1.152, 95% CI: 1.136–1.167). The proportion of subjects hospitalized (RR = 1.286, 95% CI: 1.177–1.405) and the reimbursement for inpatient care (RR = 1.060, 95% CI: 1.057–1.064) were elevated for SRS. All-cause premature mortality was significantly higher in SRSs (RR = 1.711, 1.085–2.696). Our study demonstrated that it is possible to compute the SRS-specific version of routine healthcare indicators without violating the protection of personal data by converting a sensitive ethical issue into a non-sensitive small-area geographical analysis; there is an SRS-specific healthcare utilization pattern, which is associated with elevated costs and increased risk of all-cause premature death.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1835
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

Keywords

  • Geographical inequality
  • Health status
  • Healthcare utilization
  • Legal constraints
  • Roma minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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