A különleges és egyedi polifenol-összetételu″ meggy egészségi hatásai

Translated title of the contribution: Health effects of sour cherries with unique polyphenolic composition in their fruits

Hegedus Attila, Papp Nóra, A. Blázovics, Bányai Éva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Health effects of fruit consumption are confirmed by many studies. Such effects are attributed to the polyphenolic compounds accumulating in fruit skin and mesocarp tissues. They contribute to the regulation on transcriptional, post-transcriptional and epigenetic levels. Since people consume much less fruits than the recommended quantities, a new approach includes the promotion of super fruits that are extremely rich sources of specific health compounds. A comparative analysis of Hungarian stone fruit cultivars detected a huge variability in fruit in vitro antioxidant capacity and total polyphenolic content. Two outstanding sour cherry cultivars ('Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal') were identified to accumulate elevated levels of polyphenolic compounds in their fruits. Sour cherries with different polyphenolic compositions were tested against alimentary induced hyperlipidemia using male Wistar rat model. Consumption of cherry fruit had different consequences for different cultivars: consumption of 'Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal' fruits resulted in 30% lower total cholesterol levels in the sera of hyperlipidemic animals after only 10 days of treatment. However, the consumption of 'jfehértói fürtös' fruit has not induced significant alterations in the same parameter. Other lipid parameters also reflected the short-term beneficial effects of 'Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal' fruits. We suggest that not only some tropical and berry fruits might be considered as super fruits but certain genotypes of stone fruits as well. These have indeed marked physiological effects. Since 'Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal' are rich sources of colourless polyphenolics (e.g., phenolic acids and isoflavonoids) and anthocyanins, respectively, the protective effects associated with their consumption can be attributed to different polyphenolic compounds. Hegedu″s A, Papp N, Blázovics A, Stefanovitsné Bányai É. [Health effects of sour cherries with unique polyphenolic composition in their fruits]. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(18): 720-725.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)720-725
Number of pages6
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume159
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

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Fruit
Health
Prunus avium
Anthocyanins
Hyperlipidemias
Epigenomics
Wistar Rats
Antioxidants
Cholesterol
Genotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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A különleges és egyedi polifenol-összetételu″ meggy egészségi hatásai. / Attila, Hegedus; Nóra, Papp; Blázovics, A.; Éva, Bányai.

In: Orvosi Hetilap, Vol. 159, No. 18, 01.05.2018, p. 720-725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Attila, Hegedus ; Nóra, Papp ; Blázovics, A. ; Éva, Bányai. / A különleges és egyedi polifenol-összetételu″ meggy egészségi hatásai. In: Orvosi Hetilap. 2018 ; Vol. 159, No. 18. pp. 720-725.
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abstract = "Health effects of fruit consumption are confirmed by many studies. Such effects are attributed to the polyphenolic compounds accumulating in fruit skin and mesocarp tissues. They contribute to the regulation on transcriptional, post-transcriptional and epigenetic levels. Since people consume much less fruits than the recommended quantities, a new approach includes the promotion of super fruits that are extremely rich sources of specific health compounds. A comparative analysis of Hungarian stone fruit cultivars detected a huge variability in fruit in vitro antioxidant capacity and total polyphenolic content. Two outstanding sour cherry cultivars ('Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal') were identified to accumulate elevated levels of polyphenolic compounds in their fruits. Sour cherries with different polyphenolic compositions were tested against alimentary induced hyperlipidemia using male Wistar rat model. Consumption of cherry fruit had different consequences for different cultivars: consumption of 'Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal' fruits resulted in 30{\%} lower total cholesterol levels in the sera of hyperlipidemic animals after only 10 days of treatment. However, the consumption of 'jfeh{\'e}rt{\'o}i f{\"u}rt{\"o}s' fruit has not induced significant alterations in the same parameter. Other lipid parameters also reflected the short-term beneficial effects of 'Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal' fruits. We suggest that not only some tropical and berry fruits might be considered as super fruits but certain genotypes of stone fruits as well. These have indeed marked physiological effects. Since 'Pipacs 1' and 'Fanal' are rich sources of colourless polyphenolics (e.g., phenolic acids and isoflavonoids) and anthocyanins, respectively, the protective effects associated with their consumption can be attributed to different polyphenolic compounds. Hegedu″s A, Papp N, Bl{\'a}zovics A, Stefanovitsn{\'e} B{\'a}nyai {\'E}. [Health effects of sour cherries with unique polyphenolic composition in their fruits]. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(18): 720-725.",
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