We report the discovery by the HATSouth project of five new transiting hot Jupiters (HATS-54b through HATS-58Ab). HATS-54b, HATS-55b, and HATS-58Ab are prototypical short-period (P = 2.5-4.2 days, R p ∼ 1.1-1.2 ) hot Jupiters that span effective temperatures from 1350 to 1750 K, putting them in the proposed region of maximum radius inflation efficiency. The HATS-58 system is composed of two stars, HATS-58A and HATS-58B, which are detected thanks to Gaia DR2 data and which we account for in the joint modeling of the available data - with this, we are led to conclude that the hot Jupiter orbits the brighter HATS-58A star. HATS-57b is a short-period (2.35 day), massive (3.15 ), 1.14 , dense ( ) hot Jupiter orbiting a very active star (2% peak-to-peak flux variability). Finally, HATS-56b is a short-period (4.32 day), highly inflated hot Jupiter (1.7 , 0.6 ), which is an excellent target for future atmospheric follow-up, especially considering the relatively bright nature (V = 11.6) of its F dwarf host star. This latter exoplanet has another very interesting feature: the radial velocities show a significant quadratic trend. If we interpret this quadratic trend as arising from the pull of an additional planet in the system, we obtain a period of days for the possible planet HATS-56c, and a minimum mass of . The candidate planet HATS-56c would have a zero-albedo equilibrium temperature of T eq = 332 i 50 K, and thus would be orbiting close to the habitable zone of HATS-56. Further radial-velocity follow-up, especially over the next two years, is needed to confirm the nature of HATS-56c.
- planets and satellites: detection
- planets and satellites: individual (HATS-54b, HATS-55b, HATS- 56b, HATS-57b, HATS-58b)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science