A fertozo állatbetegségekre vonatkozó jogszabályok harmonizációja az EU-val és ennek gyakorlati konzekvenciái

Translated title of the contribution: Harmonization of the animal health rules in the infectious diseases and their practical consequences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

On the basis of the Animal Health Act passed by the Hungarian Parliament in 1995, among other chapters rules of the different notifiable diseases have also been renewed and harmonized with the relating rules of the countries of the European Union. The author reviews the amended rules of some of the most important notifiable diseases and lists some important questions which should be solved in the near future in order to be an acceptable partner for the EU. Bovine tuberculosis had been succesfully eradicated in Hungary by 1980. The present task is to maintain freedom by testing all cattle over three months of age once per year by the intradermal skin test and by the regular laboratory examination of all suspected cases found in sick, dead or slaughtered animals. Bovine brucellosis had also been eradicated by 1985 and since that time Hungary remained free of this disease. Enzootic bovine leucosis still occures in some large cattle herds, while smaller peasant's herds are already free of infection. The eradication is expected to be finished within a short time. Swine fever remains a constant threat to pig herds in Hungary. Rules have been substantially amended and much further efforts are needed to keep Hungary free of swine fever. The geographic position of our country is very sensitive in this respect, because all neighbour countries except Austria regularly vaccinate their swine herds, while we wish to maintain the disease free status. Foot and mouth disease has not occured since 1973. A contingency plan has been made and the necessary exercise have also been carried out to be able to cope with a possible outbrake. A vaccine reserve has also been established. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy has also been made a notifiable disease (along with all infectious degenerative encephalopathies of animals). In addition to renewing the rules of the notifiable diseases several other measures have also to be taken. Firms and enterprises must be made familiar with the new rules, in order to be aware of the new demands already at the beginning of the food production process. An independent and effective Animal Health Service and a good network of Veterinary Investigation Centres must be maintained. The diagnostic methods of infectious diseases must constantly be developed and the new methods must be applied in the everyday practice. Eradication of the economically most important diseases must be continued (swine leptospirosis, Aujeszky's disease, enzootic bovine leucosis) or initiated (infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine virus diarrhoea). In addition to the diagnostic service a certain research capacity should also be maintained in order to be able to cope with new challenges.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)472-476
Number of pages5
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume119
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

notifiable disease
animal health
infectious diseases
Communicable Diseases
Hungary
swine
herds
Health
enzootic bovine leukosis
Enzootic Bovine Leukosis
Classical Swine Fever
fever
Swine
bovine brucellosis
infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Aujeszky disease
peasantry
encephalopathy
bovine viral diarrhea
bovine spongiform encephalopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "A fertozo {\'a}llatbetegs{\'e}gekre vonatkoz{\'o} jogszab{\'a}lyok harmoniz{\'a}ci{\'o}ja az EU-val {\'e}s ennek gyakorlati konzekvenci{\'a}i",
abstract = "On the basis of the Animal Health Act passed by the Hungarian Parliament in 1995, among other chapters rules of the different notifiable diseases have also been renewed and harmonized with the relating rules of the countries of the European Union. The author reviews the amended rules of some of the most important notifiable diseases and lists some important questions which should be solved in the near future in order to be an acceptable partner for the EU. Bovine tuberculosis had been succesfully eradicated in Hungary by 1980. The present task is to maintain freedom by testing all cattle over three months of age once per year by the intradermal skin test and by the regular laboratory examination of all suspected cases found in sick, dead or slaughtered animals. Bovine brucellosis had also been eradicated by 1985 and since that time Hungary remained free of this disease. Enzootic bovine leucosis still occures in some large cattle herds, while smaller peasant's herds are already free of infection. The eradication is expected to be finished within a short time. Swine fever remains a constant threat to pig herds in Hungary. Rules have been substantially amended and much further efforts are needed to keep Hungary free of swine fever. The geographic position of our country is very sensitive in this respect, because all neighbour countries except Austria regularly vaccinate their swine herds, while we wish to maintain the disease free status. Foot and mouth disease has not occured since 1973. A contingency plan has been made and the necessary exercise have also been carried out to be able to cope with a possible outbrake. A vaccine reserve has also been established. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy has also been made a notifiable disease (along with all infectious degenerative encephalopathies of animals). In addition to renewing the rules of the notifiable diseases several other measures have also to be taken. Firms and enterprises must be made familiar with the new rules, in order to be aware of the new demands already at the beginning of the food production process. An independent and effective Animal Health Service and a good network of Veterinary Investigation Centres must be maintained. The diagnostic methods of infectious diseases must constantly be developed and the new methods must be applied in the everyday practice. Eradication of the economically most important diseases must be continued (swine leptospirosis, Aujeszky's disease, enzootic bovine leucosis) or initiated (infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine virus diarrhoea). In addition to the diagnostic service a certain research capacity should also be maintained in order to be able to cope with new challenges.",
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