Haloperidol blood levels in acute mania with psychosis

James C.Y. Chou, Pal Czobor, Geraldine Dacpano, Nancy Richardson, Ivan Tuma, Manuel Trujillo, Thomas B. Cooper, Jan Volavka

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Abstract

In this study, the authors examined the relationship between steady-state haloperidol blood levels and clinical response in patients with acute psychotic mania. Fifty-four inpatients with acute mania were randomly assigned to receive either haloperidol 25 mg/day or haloperidol 5 mg/day. Each subject also received a concomitant medication: lorazepam 4 mg/day, lithium, or placebo. The relationship between steady-state haloperidol blood levels and clinical improvement was studied using analysis of covariance. There was wide interindividual variation in the haloperidol blood level-dose ratio. Haloperidol blood levels (log-transformed) were found to significantly correlate with clinical response in acute mania. Low-dose haloperidol with concomitant lithium may produce an optimal response in acute mania. Haloperidol blood levels may be clinically useful in identifying patients who are nonresponsive because of low drug levels and, hence, in enhancing optimal haloperidol dosing for acute mania with psychosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-447
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2 2001

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Chou, J. C. Y., Czobor, P., Dacpano, G., Richardson, N., Tuma, I., Trujillo, M., Cooper, T. B., & Volavka, J. (2001). Haloperidol blood levels in acute mania with psychosis. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 21(4), 445-447. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004714-200108000-00013