Hall effect of triplons in a dimerized quantum magnet

Judit Romhányi, K. Penc, R. Ganesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SrCu2(BO3)2 is the archetypal quantum magnet with a gapped dimer-singlet ground state and triplon excitations. It serves as an excellent realization of the Shastry-Sutherland model, up to small anisotropies arising from Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Here we demonstrate that these anisotropies, in fact, give rise to topological character in the triplon band structure. The triplons form a new kind of Dirac cone with three bands touching at a single point, a spin-1 generalization of graphene. An applied magnetic field opens band gaps resulting in topological bands with Chern numbers ±2. SrCu2(BO3)2 thus provides a magnetic analogue of the integer quantum Hall effect and supports topologically protected edge modes. At a threshold value of the magnetic field set by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, the three triplon bands touch once again in a spin-1 Dirac cone, and lose their topological character. We predict a strong thermal Hall signature in the topological regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6805
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 13 2015

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Magnets
Anisotropy
Hall effect
Magnetic Fields
Cones
magnets
Magnetic fields
Quantum Hall effect
Graphite
Touch
Dimers
Band structure
Ground state
Energy gap
Hot Temperature
cones
anisotropy
touch
quantum Hall effect
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hall effect of triplons in a dimerized quantum magnet. / Romhányi, Judit; Penc, K.; Ganesh, R.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 6805, 13.04.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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