H, O, Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic evidence for recycled oceanic crust in the Transitional Volcanic Group of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain

A. Demény, T. W. Vennemann, E. Hegner, A. Ahijado, R. Casillas, G. Nagy, Z. Homonnay, M. Gutierrez, Cs Szabó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The origin of low δ18O values for ocean island basalts (OIBs) is debated as such low values have been taken as evidence for melt contamination by altered oceanic crust with low δ18O values or for the involvement of altered and subducted oceanic crust during melting at mantle depths. For the submarine-subaerial Transitional Volcanic Group of Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain) low δ18O values (4.8 ± 0.3 ‰) measured for phlogopite and amphibole megacrysts with close-to-HIMU Sr-Nd-Pb isotope characteristics are interpreted to be primary and, on the basis of hydrogen isotope compositions, exclude the influence of crustal assimilation. The model that best describes the chemical and H-O-Sr-Nd-Pb isotope compositions of these minerals favours melting of subducted ocean crust in the OIB source as a cause of low δ18O values. Low δD values of - 115 ± 4 ‰ have been measured for amphibole megacrysts and are attributed to preceding phlogopite crystallization from a fluid-rich magma. However, phlogopites with close-to-HIMU Sr-Nd-Pb isotope ratios are also depleted in deuterium relative to upper mantle compositions with δD values of - 96 ± 1 ‰, which may be regarded as the pristine H isotope composition characteristic for plume material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-54
Number of pages18
JournalChemical Geology
Volume205
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 2004

Keywords

  • Hydrous megacryst
  • Isotopes
  • OIB
  • Recycled ocean crust
  • Trace elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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