Grignard reagent formation from aryl halides. There is no aryl radical intermediate along the dominant reaction channel

John F. Garst, J. Ronald Boone, Lisa Webb, Kathryn Easton Lawrence, James T. Baxter, Ferenc Ungváry

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25 Citations (Scopus)


For Grignard reagent formation from magnesium and an aliphatic halide RX in an ether solvent, a route through R is the major pathway. Part of the evidence is that by-products of side reactions of R are formed in substantial yields. Similar reactions of phenyl and o-(3-butenyl)phenyl halides give very low (sometimes trace) yields of by-products derived from side reactions of R, despite the fact that aryl R are much more reactive than alkyl in both solvent attack and cyclization [o-(3-butenyl)phenyl case]. Grignard reactions of aryl halides appear to proceed largely through a pathway along which R is not an intermediate. This is probably a dianion pathway, that is, one along which RX2- is an intermediate or transition state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-66
Number of pages15
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 1999



  • Aryl halides
  • Aryl radical
  • Grignard reagent
  • Magnesium
  • Phenyl bromide
  • Phenyl chloride
  • Phenyl iodide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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