Granuloma annulare

Rolland Gyulai, Ágnes Kinyó

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Granuloma annulare is a benign, usually self-limited granulomatous dermatosis affecting predominantly children and young adults. Clinically, GA typically occurs as localized or disseminated annular, skin-colored or erythematous plaques or individual papules. Lesions are most common on the extremities (especially on the dorsa of the hands and feet); however, in generalized forms, the trunk is frequently affected. Subcutaneous and perforating forms are rare GA variants. Although GA is usually self-limited and asymptomatic, patients often need treatment for cosmetic reasons. Topical treatments are usually recommended for localized GA while systemic treatments may be proposed for generalized GA. Cryotherapy or light-based treatments may be used for both forms of GA.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Handbook of Dermatological Treatments, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783662451397
ISBN (Print)9783662451380
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Cryosurgery
  • Granuloma annulare
  • Isotretinoin
  • Phototherapy
  • Topical corticosteroid
  • Tumor necrosis factor inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Gyulai, R., & Kinyó, Á. (2015). Granuloma annulare. In European Handbook of Dermatological Treatments, Third Edition (pp. 319-329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.