Acute leukaemia is known as the most common cancer in childhood. Febrile neutropenia is a common serious side effect of the cytostatic treatment of malignancies. The clinical use of Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) has become widespread to minimize chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression and febrile neutropenia in childhood solid tumors, acute lymphoid leukaemia (ALL) and in several trials with AML. In case of ALL this seems to be reasonable because, due to the absence of G-CSF receptor (G-CSFR) on the surface of normal lymphoid cells, G-CSF does not have any influence on the pathways of proliferation and differentiation of lymphoid lineage cells. It has been suggested, however, that ALL blasts with B or T cell surface antigens as well as biphenotypic leukaemia cells express G-CSFR, and they are able to respond to exogenously added G-CSF with proliferation. In this study we investigated how G-CSF might influence the sensitivity of leukemic cells to daunorubicin induced cell death using MTT assay, flow cytometry and Western blot analysis. After pretreatment of KG-1 leukaemic cells with G-CSF a moderate increase in the resistance of these cells to daunorubicin could be observed. These results draw attention to the risk of G-CSF application as an adjuvant therapy of childhood ALL. In addition, adjuvant treatment of AML patients with G-CSF in order to prevent neutropenia, or its use in priming regimens might result resistance to daunorubicin.
- Acute leukaemia
- Drug sensitivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cancer Research