Gradient chamber studies on the dry matter accumulation of winter emmer [Triticum Turgidum ssp. Dicoccon (Schrank) Thell]. Landraces in the seedling stage

B. Köszegi, G. Kovács

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Abstract

The multiplication and characterisation of genetic stocks originating under very different ecological conditions is a problem constantly encountered in gene bank research. However, the major components of the original environment, such as temperature, light and humidity, can be reproduced under artificial conditions in the phytotron. The gradient, or inhomogeneous, chamber available in the phytotron of the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár, makes it possible to elaborate plant growth programmes optimised for the various developmental phases of each population in a single step. In this chamber gradients of two extremely important environmental factors, temperature and illumination, can be simultaneously programmed, thus allowing the optimum light × heat combinations to be identified. However, the use of complete inhomogeneity (light × heat) makes it extremely difficult to evaluate the experimental results, since biometric methods based on traditional statistics are unable to handle this situation. It is thus essential to find a method suitable for the comparative analysis of continual variables (Okada et al., 2000). The present paper reports on the first phase in the development of a plant growth programme for emmer, based on investigations made on two gene bank accessions of winter Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell. (MvGB 301 and MvGB 304). In the gradient chamber study the accumulation of dry biomass in three-week-old plants was investigated as a function of temperature and light intensity. The results suggest that a temperature of 10-12°C combined with low or moderate light intensity is optimum for the germination and initial development (0-4 weeks) of emmer. These conditions also induced good tillering, which is extremely important, especially for gene bank accessions where the possibility of seed multiplication and field cultivation is limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-418
Number of pages6
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Climatic programme
  • Dry matter accumulation
  • Emmer wheat
  • Gradient plant growth chamber
  • Initial development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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