Goiter depicted in Byzantine artworks

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Pathologies depicted in sacral works of western civilisation are widely known. However, in this regard, the very rich and important Byzantine art, and particularly sacral art, has been largely ignored. research carried out on 500 artworks has disclosed 119 pictures revealing 36 different physiological conditions (gravidity, labour) or pathological conditions (goiter, joint diseases, palsy etc.). Goiter, most likely as a result of iodine deficiency, is portrayed in 42 individuals (6 females, 14 males, 4 children and 18 angels). However, although the Byzantine sacral artworks give evidence of many pathological conditions, the diagnosed pathologies cannot be considered representative of the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-346
Number of pages4
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2010



  • Byzantine icons
  • Endemic goiter
  • Frescoes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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