Glucuronidation of thyroxine in primary monolayer cultures of rat hepatocytes

In vitro induction of UDP-glucuronosyltranferases by methylcholanthrene, clofibrate, and dexamethasone alone and in combination

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Abstract

Induction of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) toward thyroxine (T4) and p-nitrophenol (pNP) by 3-methylcholanthrene (MC), dexamethasone (DEX), clofibrate (Cl), and MC combined with DEX or Cl was studied in rat hepatocyte culture. We have developed a sensitive method for the measurement of glucuronide conjugates of the two substrates based on HPLC analysis of culture medium. MC, Cl, or DEX increased the activity of T4 UGT. Combination of MC and Cl showed additive effect, enzyme activity was enhanced compared with either MC or Cl treatment alone (617, 441, and 217% of the control, respectively). Combination of MC and DEX did not result in higher T4 UGT activity than MC treatment alone. Both MC and DEX enhanced the pNP UGT activity (182 and 162% of the control, respectively). Combination of MC with DEX resulted in additive effect. Cl treatment did not affect pNP conjugation either alone or in combination with MC. Western blot analysis revealed that only the amount of UGT1A1 was elevated by Cl and DEX. In contrast, concentration of UGT1A6 was increased by MC. Previous studies demonstrated that UGT1A1 inducers like phenobarbital have no effect on T4 conjugation (Saito et al., 1991). Our results suggest that Cl, a known inducer of UGT1A1, enhances the activity of other enzyme(s) involved in T4 glucuronidation as well. It is well documented that DEX potentiates the inductory effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon on UGT1A6 (Xiao et al., 1995). In our study, MC increased the rate of T4 glucuronidation, and DEX had no additional effect on this reaction, suggesting that UGT1A6 is not the only enzyme inducible by MC that can catalyze T4 conjugation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-37
Number of pages4
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume28
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Clofibrate
Uridine Diphosphate
Methylcholanthrene
Thyroxine
Dexamethasone
Rats
Hepatocytes
Monolayers
Glucuronosyltransferase
In Vitro Techniques
Enzymes
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Glucuronides
Enzyme activity
Phenobarbital
Culture Media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

Cite this

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title = "Glucuronidation of thyroxine in primary monolayer cultures of rat hepatocytes: In vitro induction of UDP-glucuronosyltranferases by methylcholanthrene, clofibrate, and dexamethasone alone and in combination",
abstract = "Induction of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) toward thyroxine (T4) and p-nitrophenol (pNP) by 3-methylcholanthrene (MC), dexamethasone (DEX), clofibrate (Cl), and MC combined with DEX or Cl was studied in rat hepatocyte culture. We have developed a sensitive method for the measurement of glucuronide conjugates of the two substrates based on HPLC analysis of culture medium. MC, Cl, or DEX increased the activity of T4 UGT. Combination of MC and Cl showed additive effect, enzyme activity was enhanced compared with either MC or Cl treatment alone (617, 441, and 217{\%} of the control, respectively). Combination of MC and DEX did not result in higher T4 UGT activity than MC treatment alone. Both MC and DEX enhanced the pNP UGT activity (182 and 162{\%} of the control, respectively). Combination of MC with DEX resulted in additive effect. Cl treatment did not affect pNP conjugation either alone or in combination with MC. Western blot analysis revealed that only the amount of UGT1A1 was elevated by Cl and DEX. In contrast, concentration of UGT1A6 was increased by MC. Previous studies demonstrated that UGT1A1 inducers like phenobarbital have no effect on T4 conjugation (Saito et al., 1991). Our results suggest that Cl, a known inducer of UGT1A1, enhances the activity of other enzyme(s) involved in T4 glucuronidation as well. It is well documented that DEX potentiates the inductory effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon on UGT1A6 (Xiao et al., 1995). In our study, MC increased the rate of T4 glucuronidation, and DEX had no additional effect on this reaction, suggesting that UGT1A6 is not the only enzyme inducible by MC that can catalyze T4 conjugation.",
author = "K. Jemnitz and Z. Veres and K. Monostory and L. Vereczkey",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
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journal = "Drug Metabolism and Disposition",
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T1 - Glucuronidation of thyroxine in primary monolayer cultures of rat hepatocytes

T2 - In vitro induction of UDP-glucuronosyltranferases by methylcholanthrene, clofibrate, and dexamethasone alone and in combination

AU - Jemnitz, K.

AU - Veres, Z.

AU - Monostory, K.

AU - Vereczkey, L.

PY - 2000

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N2 - Induction of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) toward thyroxine (T4) and p-nitrophenol (pNP) by 3-methylcholanthrene (MC), dexamethasone (DEX), clofibrate (Cl), and MC combined with DEX or Cl was studied in rat hepatocyte culture. We have developed a sensitive method for the measurement of glucuronide conjugates of the two substrates based on HPLC analysis of culture medium. MC, Cl, or DEX increased the activity of T4 UGT. Combination of MC and Cl showed additive effect, enzyme activity was enhanced compared with either MC or Cl treatment alone (617, 441, and 217% of the control, respectively). Combination of MC and DEX did not result in higher T4 UGT activity than MC treatment alone. Both MC and DEX enhanced the pNP UGT activity (182 and 162% of the control, respectively). Combination of MC with DEX resulted in additive effect. Cl treatment did not affect pNP conjugation either alone or in combination with MC. Western blot analysis revealed that only the amount of UGT1A1 was elevated by Cl and DEX. In contrast, concentration of UGT1A6 was increased by MC. Previous studies demonstrated that UGT1A1 inducers like phenobarbital have no effect on T4 conjugation (Saito et al., 1991). Our results suggest that Cl, a known inducer of UGT1A1, enhances the activity of other enzyme(s) involved in T4 glucuronidation as well. It is well documented that DEX potentiates the inductory effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon on UGT1A6 (Xiao et al., 1995). In our study, MC increased the rate of T4 glucuronidation, and DEX had no additional effect on this reaction, suggesting that UGT1A6 is not the only enzyme inducible by MC that can catalyze T4 conjugation.

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