In order to study the possible action of glucocorticosteroids (GCS) on the CD14/Toll like receptor mediated activation of monocytes the CD14-expression, CD14-mediated LPS binding and activation of these cells of patients suffering from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus receiving no, low dose or pulse steroid treatment was studied. The CD14-expression was determined on whole blood monocytes by flow cytometry, while the LPS-binding of an FITC-LPS preparate and the LPS-induced TNFα secretion were tested on isolated monocytes. The CD14-dependent and -independent LPS-binding and activation were evaluated with the help of a blocking anti-CD14 mAb. Our results showed that the CD14-expression, CD14-dependent LPS-binding and activation were significantly inhibited by the in vivo applied pulse steroid therapy. In contrast, the CD14-independent LPS-binding and activation were not altered by the GCS treatment. Our data provide further in vivo evidence for a possible new way of GCS therapy is able to initiate its anti-inflammatory action.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy