Glucagon-like peptide-1 of brainstem origin activates dorsomedial hypothalamic neurons in satiated rats

E. Renner, N. Puskás, A. Dobolyi, M. Palkovits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)


A high number of neurons express c-fos in response to unlimited food intake in fasted rats in the ventral subdivision of the hypothalamic dorsomedial nucleus (DMHv). We report here, that in same conditions, limited food consumption failed to induce Fos expression in DMHv neurons suggesting that satiation should be one of the important signals that activate these neurons. The possible origin of fibers conducting satiation signals to the DMHv could be in the lower brainstem, especially glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-containing neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). We demonstrate that GLP-1-immunoreactive fibers and fiber terminals topographically overlap with activated Fos-positive neurons in the DMHv in refed rats. Using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization histochemistry, we demonstrated GLP-1 receptors in Fos-expressing neurons of the DMH. Unilateral transections of ascending GLP-1-containing fibers from the NTS inside the pons in refed rats (unlimited food consumption) resulted in a dramatic decrease in the density of GLP-1 fibers and in the number of Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the DMHv, but only on the side of the transection. Contralateral to the transection, neither the GLP-1 fiber density nor the number of Fos-positive cells changed significantly. Meanwhile, the density of GLP-1 immunoreactivity was markedly accumulated in transected nerve fibers caudal to the cuts, as a consequence of the interruption of the ascending GLP-1 transport route. These findings suggest that the solitary-hypothalamic projections may represent the neuronal route through GLP-1 neurons of the NTS activate DMHv neurons via GLP-1 receptors by conveying information on satiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2012


  • Food intake
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1
  • Satiety
  • Surgical transections
  • c-fos activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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