Global trend analysis of the MODIS drought severity index

P. I. Orvos, V. Homonnai, A. Várai, Z. Bozóki, I. Jánosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, Mu et al. (2013) compiled an open access database of a remotely sensed global drought severity index (DSI) based on MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) satellite measurements covering a continuous period of 12 years. The highest spatial resolution is 0.05° × 0.05° in the geographic band between 60° S and 80° N latitudes (more than 4.9 million locations over land). Here we present a global trend analysis of these satellite-based DSI time series in order to identify geographic locations where either positive or negative trends are statistically significant. Our main result is that 17.34 % of land areas exhibit significant trends of drying or wetting, and these sites constitute geographically connected regions. Since a DSI value conveys local characterization at a given site, we argue that usual field significance tests cannot provide more information about the observations than the presented analysis. The relatively short period of 12 years hinders linking the trends to global climate change; however, we think that the observations might be related to slow (decadal) modes of natural climate variability or anthropogenic impacts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalGeoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 12 2015

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trend analysis
MODIS
drought
wetting
global climate
spatial resolution
time series
climate change
climate
trend
index
land

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geology
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Global trend analysis of the MODIS drought severity index. / Orvos, P. I.; Homonnai, V.; Várai, A.; Bozóki, Z.; Jánosi, I.

In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, Vol. 4, No. 2, 12.10.2015, p. 189-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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