Glial fibrillary acidic protein expression but no glial demarcation follows the lesion in the molecular layer of cerebellum

Béla M. Ajtai, Mihály Kálmán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigates the reactive gliosis following a simple stab wound lesion to a brain area in which a characteristic astroglial architecture exists, i.e., the Bergmann-glia in the molecular layer of cerebellum. While in mammalian brain the Bergmann-glia contains glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), in the avian Bergmann-glia, the cytoskeletal protein is vimentin, which is characteristic for immature astroglia in mammals. The operations were performed on chickens and rats under deep anaesthesia, using a sterile disposable needle. After a 1-week survival period, the animals were overdosed with ether and perfused transcardially with 4% buffered paraformaldehyde. Free-floating sections cut with a vibration microtome were processed for immunohistochemistry against GFAP and vimentin. GFAP immunopositivity of Bergmann-glia appeared in chicken and increased in rat in the lesioned area but the lesion was not surrounded by typical astrocytes and no demarcation was formed in the molecular layer, in contrast to the usual appearance of reactive gliosis, which was observed in the granular layer and in the white matter in both species. Vimentin immunopositivity of the Bergmann-glia also increased around the lesion in both species. The results suggest that a highly developed glial architecture fails to re-arrange into a demarcating scar, which offers an interesting model system to study the importance of glial demarcation. The observations also support that the resident glia is the main component of the glial reaction, and prove the capability of avian Bergmann-glia to express GFAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-288
Number of pages4
JournalBrain research
Volume802
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 17 1998

Keywords

  • Astroglia
  • Bergmann-glia
  • Brain lesion
  • GFAP
  • Reactive gliosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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