Giant dipole resonance of Ba in Ba8 Si46: An approach for studying high-pressure induced phase transitions of nanostructured materials

H. Sternemann, C. Sternemann, J. S. Tse, S. Desgreniers, Y. Q. Cai, G. Vankó, N. Hiraoka, A. Schacht, J. A. Soininen, M. Tolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The giant dipole resonance of Ba embedded into the complex Si host lattice structure of Ba8 Si46 has been observed under ambient and high-pressure conditions. The measurements have been accomplished using nonresonant inelastic x-ray scattering for different momentum transfers. The resonance appears as a broad feature between 100- and 150-eV energy loss for low momentum transfer but vanishes for high momentum transfer. Calculations within the time-dependent local-density approximation have been performed by means of a real-space multiple-scattering Green's-function approach. The results reproduce the shape and the width of the observed resonance. Modulations of the giant resonance spectra are predicted by computations ranging from ambient pressure up to 20 GPa which can be used to study the local environment of the Ba guest. A corresponding experimental setup for high-pressure studies is presented, potential applications to study the phase transitions of Ba clathrates are discussed, and first experimental results are shown.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245102
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume75
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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