A geothermal model of the hyperthermal zone of the Pannonian basin is constructed. On the basis of results of seismic measurements along five deep seismic sounding profiles on the territory of the basin and the surrounding areas and also of measurements of heat flow, heat production by radioactive elements and thermal conductivity of rocks, the variation of temperature with depth and maps of Mono-temperatures and heat flux through this surface are calculated and constructed, respectively. It is shown by numerical-model calculations that the heat anomaly of the Pannonian basin indicated by a number of surface measurements is mainly of mantle origin. Inhomogeneities of the heat-flow increase with depth down to the upper mantle and the temperature on the Moho-surface below the hyperthermal zone has values on average 400-500°C more than those in the surrounding areas. Heat flux through the Moho under the Pannonian basin is also higher by about 40-50 mW m-2. On the basis of the present calculations, it can be suggested that the upper mantle is probably partially molten beneath the annonian basin. As a most reasonable source mechanism of formation of this heat anomaly, the frictional heating arising in areas of induced secondary convection that probably has proceeded also beneath the basin from the Triassic to the Miocene is suggested here.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth-Surface Processes