The primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic cholestatic liver disease, which is characterised by non-suppurative destruction of interlobular bile ducts. The precise etiopathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis remains unknown. Evidence suggest that genetic and environmental factors seem to be important. It shows strong heritability according to familial occurence and monozygotic twins concordance. There is an increase in the degree of monosomy of the X chromosome in female subjects with PBC. There is an association with HLA-DR8 (DR1*08) antigen at least in some populations. Correlation the PBC with polymorphisms of HLA class I, II, III allels, genes encoding for molecules influencing immuntolerance, apoptosis, cytokine expression, will require additional studies.
|Translated title of the contribution||Genetics of primary biliary cirrhosis|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2005|
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