Prognostication of head and neck cancer (HNCC) involves molecular identification of residual tumor cells, prediction of recurrence, distant metastases or secondary tumors and prediction of the sensitvity to therapy. Biomarkers of HNCC are mutations of p53, p16 and amplification of Cyclin D and E2F4. One hundred and fifty-two HNCC cases have been evaluated for p53, hMLH1, Cyclin D and p16 gene alterations using PCR-SSCP and Western blot analysis. P53 mutations of HNCC have been found in 37.5% of cases. However, 11% of the cases showed p53 mutations in the normal peritumoral mucosa suggesting "field cancerization" process. Mismatch-repair gene mutations (MMR: hMHL1 and hMSH2) occurred with 17 and 8.6% frequency, respectively, while E2F4 mutations were even more frequent (21.4%) in HNCC. Our data suggest that E2F4 overexpression can be caused by the inactivation of the p16 gene in HNCC, while its mutations are most probably associated to the mutations of the MMR genes. These molecular informations can help to predict the biological potential of HNCC as well as the probability of the development of secondary HNCCs.
|Translated title of the contribution||Genetic marker analysis in head and neck cancer|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2001|
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