Genetic manipulation of proline levels affects antioxidants in soybean subjected to simultaneous drought and heat stresses

Gábor Kocsy, Robert Laurie, Gabriella Szalai, Virág Szilágyi, Lívia Simon-Sarkadi, Gábor Galiba, Jacoba A. De Ronde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It was assumed that the genetic manipulation of the proline (Pro) level would also affect the (homo)glutathione content as both compounds have a common precursor, glutamate. To test this hypothesis, the levels of Pro, reduced and oxidized (homo)glutathione [(h)GSH and (h)GSSG] and other antioxidants were compared under simultaneous drought and heat stress conditions and in a control treatment in a time course experiment on wild-type soybean (Glycine max cv. Ibis) and on transgenic plants containing the cDNA coding for L-Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (EC 1.5.1.2), the last enzyme involved in Pro synthesis, in the sense and antisense directions. At the end of the recovery period, the highest H2O2 and lipid hydroperoxide concentrations were observed in the antisense transformants, which exhibited the greatest injury, while the lowest H2O2 content was detected in the sense transformants, which exhibited the lowest injury percentage. During stress treatment, the highest Pro and ascorbate (AA) levels were detected in the sense transformants, while the highest GSH and hGSH contents, AA/dehydroascorbate (DHA) and (h)GSH/(h)GSSG ratios and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity were found in the antisense transformants. The greatest APX (EC 1.11.1.11) activity was observed in the first part of the stress treatment in the antisense transformants, and the greatest glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) activity was observed in the second part of the treatment in the same genotype. The present experiments indicate that the manipulation of Pro synthesis affects not only the (h)GSH concentrations, but also the levels of other antioxidants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-235
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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