Gender-related differences in ion-channel and transporter subunit expression in non-diseased human hearts

Nathalie Gaborit, A. Varró, Sabrina Le Bouter, V. Szűts, Denis Escande, Stanley Nattel, Sophie Demolombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gender-related differences in ventricular electrophysiology are known to be important determinants of human arrhythmic risk, but the underlying molecular basis is poorly understood. The present work aims to provide the first detailed analysis of gender-related cardiac ion-channel gene-distribution, based on samples from non-diseased human hearts. By using a high-throughput quantitative approach, we investigated at a genome-scale the expression of 79 genes encoding ion-channel and transporter subunits in epicardial and endocardial tissue samples from non-diseased transplant donors (10 males, 10 females). Gender-related expression differences involved key genes implicated in conduction and repolarization. Female hearts showed reduced expression for a variety of K+-channel subunits with potentially important roles in cardiac repolarization, including HERG, minK, Kir2.3, Kv1.4, KChIP2, SUR2 and Kir6.2, as well as lower expression of connexin43 and phospholamban. In addition, they demonstrated an isoform switch in Na+/K+-ATPase, expressing more of the α1 and less of the α3 subunit than male hearts, along with increased expression of calmodulin-3. Iroquois transcription factors (IRX3, IRX5) were more strongly expressed in female than male epicardium, but the transmural gradient remained. Protein-expression paralleled transcript patterns for all subunits examined: HERG, minK, Kv1.4, KChIP2, IRX5, Nav1.5 and connexin43. Our results indicate that male and female human hearts have significant differences in ion-channel subunit composition, with female hearts showing decreased expression for a number of repolarizing ion-channels. These findings are important for understanding sex-related differences in the susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias, particularly for conditions associated with repolarization abnormalities like Brugada and Long QT syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-646
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Ion Channels
Mink
Connexin 43
Long QT Syndrome
Electrophysiology
Pericardium
Calmodulin
Sex Characteristics
Genes
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Protein Isoforms
Transcription Factors
Tissue Donors
Genome
Gene Expression
Proteins

Keywords

  • Brugada syndrome
  • Ion-channels
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Gender-related differences in ion-channel and transporter subunit expression in non-diseased human hearts. / Gaborit, Nathalie; Varró, A.; Le Bouter, Sabrina; Szűts, V.; Escande, Denis; Nattel, Stanley; Demolombe, Sophie.

In: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, Vol. 49, No. 4, 10.2010, p. 639-646.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gaborit, Nathalie ; Varró, A. ; Le Bouter, Sabrina ; Szűts, V. ; Escande, Denis ; Nattel, Stanley ; Demolombe, Sophie. / Gender-related differences in ion-channel and transporter subunit expression in non-diseased human hearts. In: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. 2010 ; Vol. 49, No. 4. pp. 639-646.
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