Our study reports gender differences in life events, stress, and coping based on a Hungarian nationwide epidemiological survey: the Hungarostudy 2002 (HS2002, N=12 668) and the Hungarostudy 2006 (HS2006, N=5020). The study contains three analyses. The first one focused on the gender differences in the frequency of negative life events and their subjective appraisal. The second one explores how gender influences the relationship between life events and chronic illness. The third one studies the gender differences in coping. Our results show that women do not experience more negative life events than man but give stronger response to stress and they assess the same events as worse comparing to men. This increased vulnerability may also be the cause the phenomenon that stress results in a greater risk of some chronic illness among women (psychiatric illness, OR = 3.1; cancer; OR = 2.1). In coping, we found differences only in the coping method within emotion-focused coping strategies, on the other hand, our data do not support the stereotype that men use more rational, problem-focused coping strategies that women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health