Gender differences in suicide attempters in Hungary: Retrospective epidemiological study

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Abstract

Aim: To determine gender differences in suicidal behavior and investigate the factors associated with suicide attempts. Methods: In the framework of the WHO/Euro Multicenter Study on Suicidal Behavior, 1,158 suicide attempts have been registered and analyzed retrospectively in Pécs center, Hungary. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were performed to compare the characteristics of male and female suicide attempters. Results: A "typical" female suicide attempter could be characterized as follows: retired or economically inactive (OR = 2.38), widowed (OR = 6.55), divorced (OR = 1.64), or with depression in her personal history (OR = 1.27). Female attempters were mainly repeaters, using the method of self-poisoning, mostly with benzodiazepines. Among men, unemployment, living alone, never having been married, and problems with addiction were the main risk factors, while violent methods characterized the typical attempt In the cases of self-poisoning, men were more likely to take meprobamate or carbamazepine. Conclusion: Significant differences were found in the risk factors for suicide attempts between men and women. Since suicide is a multi-causal phenomenon, its therapy and prevention should be complex and gender differences should be taken into consideration while building up our helping strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
JournalCroatian Medical Journal
Volume46
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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