Gender differences in panic disorder symptoms and illicit drug use among young people in Hungary

I. Kecskés, Z. Ríhmer, K. Kiss, T. Sárai, A. Szabó, G. H. Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors have investigated the frequency of illicit drug use, and spontaneous and drug-provoked panic disorder symptoms in Hungarian youths. A semi-structured self-reporting questionnaire (with questions about drug usage and the persistence of some DSM-IV panic disorder symptoms) was filled out in discos/nightclubs, secondary schools and universities. Almost 17% of the total sample (n = 1298) reported on illicit drug-use at least once in their life, and this rate was significantly higher among males. Regardless of the illegal drug use 14.6% of the total sample reported on four or more DSM-IV symptoms of panic disorder, and this rate was significantly higher among females. Analyzing the panic disorder symptoms only among drug-users (n = 219), the frequency of persons with four or more anxiety symptoms was 14.1% before drug use, and it increased to 30.6% during the period of drug use (P <0.001). The findings support previous results showing (i) higher prevalence of anxiety symptoms among females; (ii) higher rate of illicit drug use among males; and (iii) a possible anxiety-provoking effect of illicit drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Hungary
Panic Disorder
Street Drugs
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Anxiety
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Drug Users

Keywords

  • Drug use
  • Gender differences
  • Panic disorder symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Gender differences in panic disorder symptoms and illicit drug use among young people in Hungary. / Kecskés, I.; Ríhmer, Z.; Kiss, K.; Sárai, T.; Szabó, A.; Kiss, G. H.

In: European Psychiatry, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2002, p. 29-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kecskés, I. ; Ríhmer, Z. ; Kiss, K. ; Sárai, T. ; Szabó, A. ; Kiss, G. H. / Gender differences in panic disorder symptoms and illicit drug use among young people in Hungary. In: European Psychiatry. 2002 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 29-32.
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