Gender differences in hemorheological parameters of coronary artery disease patients

L. Bogar, I. Juricskay, G. Kesmarky, G. Feher, P. Kenyeres, K. Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plasma fibrinogen concentration, plasma and whole blood viscosity (WBV) are independent risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD). Fibrinogen seems to be a relatively stronger risk factor for women than for men, but men are more endangered by higher hematocrit (Hct) and WBV than women are. We have previously reported that a theoretically optimal Hct value can be determined using Hct/WBV ratio in healthy subjects, hyperlipidemic and Raynaud's disease patients. Our aim was to examine whether Hct/WBV ratio is differently correlated with Hct in men and women with proven CAD. In a retrospective study we analysed the hemorheological data of 162 CAD outpatients (107 men and 55 women). Coronary angiography, echocardiography and impedance cardiography were performed. Hemorheological parameters (Hct, fibrinogen level, plasma viscosity, WBV), blood picture, serum lipid concentrations were determined and Hct/WBV ratio was calculated. Mean ages of male and female patients were similar (54.9 and 55.4 years, respectively), but men had significantly higher coronary angiography score than women. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction, stroke volume index and cardiac index showed no significant differences in men and women. Similarly, lipid concentrations, fibrinogen levels and plasma viscosities demonstrated no statistical differences. However, Hct, WBV and Hct/WBV ratios were significantly higher in male than in female patients (p < 0.00001; p < 0.00001 and p < 0.005, respectively). The most striking gender difference was found in the correlation between Hct/WBV ratio and cardiac index. Men older than 56 years showed negative, women positive correlation (r = -0.485, p = 0.01; r = 0.468, p = 0.006, respectively). This study demonstrates that Hct/WBV ratio as a rheological oxygen carrying capacity parameter is positively correlated with the cardiac index as it can be expected. However, the correlation is negative in elder men indicating an unhealthy relation between hemodynamic and hemorheologic parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalClinical hemorheology and microcirculation
Volume35
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006

Keywords

  • Blood viscosity
  • Cardiac index
  • Coronary angiography
  • Hematocrit
  • Hemodynamics
  • Hemorheology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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