Gastrointestinal ultrasonography of the dog: A review of 265 cases (1996-1998)

F. Manczur, K. Vörös

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The findings of ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of 265 dogs with GI disorders were analysed retrospectively. The sonographic changes associated with various inflammatory and neoplastic conditions and mechanical obstruction of the GI system were recorded and discussed. Sonographic alterations of the pancreas and the tissues adjacent to the GI tract were also included in the study. Ultrasonographic alterations of the GI tract were classified into three main categories: thickening of the GI wall, changes in peristalsis and dilation of the lumen. Localised thickening of the GI wall with disruption of its structure was caused by both neoplastic diseases and by inflammatory disorders. However, diffuse thickening with retained wall structure was generally associated with inflammatory diseases. The criteria previously established for the ultrasonographic diagnosis of intestinal obstruction were successfully applied to a large number of GI disorders. Pancreatitis was most often associated with hyperechoic mesentery and hypoechoic pancreas mass, but similar alterations were encountered in some cases of gastric or duodenal ulceration. Except in cases of invaginations and intestinal obstructions, the observed ultrasonographic changes were not specific enough for a definitive diagnosis. Nevertheless, ultrasonography proved to be a valuable technique in the diagnostic process of GI disorders of the dog.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-21
Number of pages13
JournalActa Veterinaria Hungarica
Volume48
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

ultrasonography
gastrointestinal system
Gastrointestinal Tract
intestinal obstruction
Ultrasonography
Intestinal Obstruction
digestive system diseases
Dogs
dogs
Pancreas
pancreas
Peristalsis
Mesentery
peristalsis
Pancreatitis
mesentery
pancreatitis
Dilatation
Stomach
diagnostic techniques

Keywords

  • Dog
  • Gastrointestinal diseases
  • Pancreas
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Gastrointestinal ultrasonography of the dog : A review of 265 cases (1996-1998). / Manczur, F.; Vörös, K.

In: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2000, p. 9-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ce88c3a935384b22b23f2198b74479d0,
title = "Gastrointestinal ultrasonography of the dog: A review of 265 cases (1996-1998)",
abstract = "The findings of ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of 265 dogs with GI disorders were analysed retrospectively. The sonographic changes associated with various inflammatory and neoplastic conditions and mechanical obstruction of the GI system were recorded and discussed. Sonographic alterations of the pancreas and the tissues adjacent to the GI tract were also included in the study. Ultrasonographic alterations of the GI tract were classified into three main categories: thickening of the GI wall, changes in peristalsis and dilation of the lumen. Localised thickening of the GI wall with disruption of its structure was caused by both neoplastic diseases and by inflammatory disorders. However, diffuse thickening with retained wall structure was generally associated with inflammatory diseases. The criteria previously established for the ultrasonographic diagnosis of intestinal obstruction were successfully applied to a large number of GI disorders. Pancreatitis was most often associated with hyperechoic mesentery and hypoechoic pancreas mass, but similar alterations were encountered in some cases of gastric or duodenal ulceration. Except in cases of invaginations and intestinal obstructions, the observed ultrasonographic changes were not specific enough for a definitive diagnosis. Nevertheless, ultrasonography proved to be a valuable technique in the diagnostic process of GI disorders of the dog.",
keywords = "Dog, Gastrointestinal diseases, Pancreas, Ultrasonography",
author = "F. Manczur and K. V{\"o}r{\"o}s",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "9--21",
journal = "Acta Veterinaria Hungarica",
issn = "0236-6290",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gastrointestinal ultrasonography of the dog

T2 - A review of 265 cases (1996-1998)

AU - Manczur, F.

AU - Vörös, K.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The findings of ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of 265 dogs with GI disorders were analysed retrospectively. The sonographic changes associated with various inflammatory and neoplastic conditions and mechanical obstruction of the GI system were recorded and discussed. Sonographic alterations of the pancreas and the tissues adjacent to the GI tract were also included in the study. Ultrasonographic alterations of the GI tract were classified into three main categories: thickening of the GI wall, changes in peristalsis and dilation of the lumen. Localised thickening of the GI wall with disruption of its structure was caused by both neoplastic diseases and by inflammatory disorders. However, diffuse thickening with retained wall structure was generally associated with inflammatory diseases. The criteria previously established for the ultrasonographic diagnosis of intestinal obstruction were successfully applied to a large number of GI disorders. Pancreatitis was most often associated with hyperechoic mesentery and hypoechoic pancreas mass, but similar alterations were encountered in some cases of gastric or duodenal ulceration. Except in cases of invaginations and intestinal obstructions, the observed ultrasonographic changes were not specific enough for a definitive diagnosis. Nevertheless, ultrasonography proved to be a valuable technique in the diagnostic process of GI disorders of the dog.

AB - The findings of ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of 265 dogs with GI disorders were analysed retrospectively. The sonographic changes associated with various inflammatory and neoplastic conditions and mechanical obstruction of the GI system were recorded and discussed. Sonographic alterations of the pancreas and the tissues adjacent to the GI tract were also included in the study. Ultrasonographic alterations of the GI tract were classified into three main categories: thickening of the GI wall, changes in peristalsis and dilation of the lumen. Localised thickening of the GI wall with disruption of its structure was caused by both neoplastic diseases and by inflammatory disorders. However, diffuse thickening with retained wall structure was generally associated with inflammatory diseases. The criteria previously established for the ultrasonographic diagnosis of intestinal obstruction were successfully applied to a large number of GI disorders. Pancreatitis was most often associated with hyperechoic mesentery and hypoechoic pancreas mass, but similar alterations were encountered in some cases of gastric or duodenal ulceration. Except in cases of invaginations and intestinal obstructions, the observed ultrasonographic changes were not specific enough for a definitive diagnosis. Nevertheless, ultrasonography proved to be a valuable technique in the diagnostic process of GI disorders of the dog.

KW - Dog

KW - Gastrointestinal diseases

KW - Pancreas

KW - Ultrasonography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0347700475&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0347700475&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11402680

AN - SCOPUS:0347700475

VL - 48

SP - 9

EP - 21

JO - Acta Veterinaria Hungarica

JF - Acta Veterinaria Hungarica

SN - 0236-6290

IS - 1

ER -