Gambling in Western and Eastern Europe: The Example of Hungary

Bernadette Kun, Hedvig Balázs, Petra Arnold, Borbála Paksi, Z. Demetrovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The history of gambling in post-socialist countries is noticeably different from that of other countries in Europe. The goal of this study was therefore twofold: Firstly, to systematically review all European epidemiological studies related to excessive gambling in the general adult population, and secondly, to provide an overview of the state of gambling in Hungary based on the first ever nationwide representative survey, setting the results against the backdrop of the earlier European studies. A systematic review was carried out of European gambling studies which focus on a representative adult general population. Hungarian data was obtained from the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary general adult population survey (N = 2,710). Pathological gambling was measured by the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Lifetime prevalence of excessive gambling (problem and pathological gambling) in the general adult population of European countries varies between 1.1% (Italy and Spain) and 6. 5% (Estonia). In Hungary, the prevalence of problem gambling is 1.9%, with pathological gambling at 1. 4%. The socio-demographic characteristics of the results are similar to those of other European countries. Using epidemiological data from the general adult populations of two post-socialist nations, it was possible to compare the results with data from 12 other European countries. Based on the data available, the extremely rapid liberation of the gambling market in the post-socialist countries has led to a similarly swift escalation in associated gambling problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-46
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Eastern Europe
Gambling
Hungary
gambling
Western Europe
post-socialist country
Population
Estonia
escalation
liberation
addiction
Spain
Italy
Epidemiologic Studies

Keywords

  • Comparison
  • Epidemiology
  • Gambling
  • National representative survey
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Gambling in Western and Eastern Europe : The Example of Hungary. / Kun, Bernadette; Balázs, Hedvig; Arnold, Petra; Paksi, Borbála; Demetrovics, Z.

In: Journal of Gambling Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1, 03.2012, p. 27-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kun, Bernadette ; Balázs, Hedvig ; Arnold, Petra ; Paksi, Borbála ; Demetrovics, Z. / Gambling in Western and Eastern Europe : The Example of Hungary. In: Journal of Gambling Studies. 2012 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 27-46.
@article{6428967f200549ed8be3936f2cbdca6d,
title = "Gambling in Western and Eastern Europe: The Example of Hungary",
abstract = "The history of gambling in post-socialist countries is noticeably different from that of other countries in Europe. The goal of this study was therefore twofold: Firstly, to systematically review all European epidemiological studies related to excessive gambling in the general adult population, and secondly, to provide an overview of the state of gambling in Hungary based on the first ever nationwide representative survey, setting the results against the backdrop of the earlier European studies. A systematic review was carried out of European gambling studies which focus on a representative adult general population. Hungarian data was obtained from the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary general adult population survey (N = 2,710). Pathological gambling was measured by the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Lifetime prevalence of excessive gambling (problem and pathological gambling) in the general adult population of European countries varies between 1.1{\%} (Italy and Spain) and 6. 5{\%} (Estonia). In Hungary, the prevalence of problem gambling is 1.9{\%}, with pathological gambling at 1. 4{\%}. The socio-demographic characteristics of the results are similar to those of other European countries. Using epidemiological data from the general adult populations of two post-socialist nations, it was possible to compare the results with data from 12 other European countries. Based on the data available, the extremely rapid liberation of the gambling market in the post-socialist countries has led to a similarly swift escalation in associated gambling problems.",
keywords = "Comparison, Epidemiology, Gambling, National representative survey, Systematic review",
author = "Bernadette Kun and Hedvig Bal{\'a}zs and Petra Arnold and Borb{\'a}la Paksi and Z. Demetrovics",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10899-011-9242-4",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "27--46",
journal = "Journal of Gambling Behavior",
issn = "0742-0714",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gambling in Western and Eastern Europe

T2 - The Example of Hungary

AU - Kun, Bernadette

AU - Balázs, Hedvig

AU - Arnold, Petra

AU - Paksi, Borbála

AU - Demetrovics, Z.

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - The history of gambling in post-socialist countries is noticeably different from that of other countries in Europe. The goal of this study was therefore twofold: Firstly, to systematically review all European epidemiological studies related to excessive gambling in the general adult population, and secondly, to provide an overview of the state of gambling in Hungary based on the first ever nationwide representative survey, setting the results against the backdrop of the earlier European studies. A systematic review was carried out of European gambling studies which focus on a representative adult general population. Hungarian data was obtained from the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary general adult population survey (N = 2,710). Pathological gambling was measured by the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Lifetime prevalence of excessive gambling (problem and pathological gambling) in the general adult population of European countries varies between 1.1% (Italy and Spain) and 6. 5% (Estonia). In Hungary, the prevalence of problem gambling is 1.9%, with pathological gambling at 1. 4%. The socio-demographic characteristics of the results are similar to those of other European countries. Using epidemiological data from the general adult populations of two post-socialist nations, it was possible to compare the results with data from 12 other European countries. Based on the data available, the extremely rapid liberation of the gambling market in the post-socialist countries has led to a similarly swift escalation in associated gambling problems.

AB - The history of gambling in post-socialist countries is noticeably different from that of other countries in Europe. The goal of this study was therefore twofold: Firstly, to systematically review all European epidemiological studies related to excessive gambling in the general adult population, and secondly, to provide an overview of the state of gambling in Hungary based on the first ever nationwide representative survey, setting the results against the backdrop of the earlier European studies. A systematic review was carried out of European gambling studies which focus on a representative adult general population. Hungarian data was obtained from the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary general adult population survey (N = 2,710). Pathological gambling was measured by the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Lifetime prevalence of excessive gambling (problem and pathological gambling) in the general adult population of European countries varies between 1.1% (Italy and Spain) and 6. 5% (Estonia). In Hungary, the prevalence of problem gambling is 1.9%, with pathological gambling at 1. 4%. The socio-demographic characteristics of the results are similar to those of other European countries. Using epidemiological data from the general adult populations of two post-socialist nations, it was possible to compare the results with data from 12 other European countries. Based on the data available, the extremely rapid liberation of the gambling market in the post-socialist countries has led to a similarly swift escalation in associated gambling problems.

KW - Comparison

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Gambling

KW - National representative survey

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862865472&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862865472&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10899-011-9242-4

DO - 10.1007/s10899-011-9242-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 21360068

AN - SCOPUS:84862865472

VL - 28

SP - 27

EP - 46

JO - Journal of Gambling Behavior

JF - Journal of Gambling Behavior

SN - 0742-0714

IS - 1

ER -