Fumonizin-mikotoxikózisok magyarországon: Lovak agylágyulása, sertések hizlalási tüdovizenyoje

Translated title of the contribution: Fumonisine mycotoxicoses in Hungary. Leukoencephalomalacia in horses, fattening pulmonary oedema in pigs

B. Fazekas, Bajmócy Endre, Glávits Róbert, Fenyvesi Adrienne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fumonisines are one of the most important groups of fusariotoxins produced in maize that contaminate regularly maize also in Hungary as in maize produced all over the world. According to the results of orientative investigations carried out until now, they are present in a toxic concentration in mouldy maize or in samples noticeable damaged by moulds (Fig.). A case of encephalomalacia caused by fumonisine-B1 has been reported (see in details in MÁL 8/1996) when the diagnosis was confirmed by the determination of mycotoxin in the maize fed (18.5 mg/kg). The so-called "fattening pulmonary oedema in pigs" has been observed in Hungary, since the 1950's, however its etiology has not been yet clarified. The authors carried out a feeding experiment in 2 pigs with an experimental feed containing 330 mg/kg fumonisine. Both pigs died due to severe respiratory symptoms at the 5th day of the experiment. Pathological and histo-pathological examinations revealed hydrothorax, severe pulmonary oedema, hepatopathy and initial icterus. The clinical symptoms and pathologic alterations were comparable with those reported in the USA in case of PPE disease entity caused by fumonisine-B1, however they were also identical with those of "fattening pulmonary oedema in pigs" observed in Hungary. That was the confirmation that fattening pulmonary oedema in pigs were caused by fumonisine-B1 mycotoxin (see detailed in MÁL 1/1997). Prevention is the only control for fumonisine toxicoses. The disease can be prevented by the determination of fumonisine-B1 contents in the "suspected" maize samples and avoid the feeding of toxic lot in case of both animal species.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)137-139
Number of pages3
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume119
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Mycotoxicosis
mycotoxicosis
Hungary
Pulmonary Edema
edema
Horses
Zea mays
finishing
Swine
lungs
horses
swine
corn
Mycotoxins
Poisons
mycotoxins
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
Encephalomalacia
encephalomalacia
T-2 Toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Fumonizin-mikotoxikózisok magyarországon : Lovak agylágyulása, sertések hizlalási tüdovizenyoje. / Fazekas, B.; Endre, Bajmócy; Róbert, Glávits; Adrienne, Fenyvesi.

In: Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, Vol. 119, No. 3, 1997, p. 137-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fazekas, B. ; Endre, Bajmócy ; Róbert, Glávits ; Adrienne, Fenyvesi. / Fumonizin-mikotoxikózisok magyarországon : Lovak agylágyulása, sertések hizlalási tüdovizenyoje. In: Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja. 1997 ; Vol. 119, No. 3. pp. 137-139.
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