Fuel production by hydrotreating of triglycerides on NiMo/Al2O3/F catalyst

Sándor Kovács, Tamás Kasza, Artur Thernesz, Ilona Wálhné Horváth, J. Hancsók

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The importance and the economical production of the so-called bio gas oils from triglycerides are presented. They are second generation bio-fuels containing mainly normal and isoparaffin and have gas oil boiling range. The investigation of their producibility was carried out on a Ni(2.3%)Mo(13.7%)/Al2O3/F catalyst. Based on the results the conversion of triglycerides (sunflower oil containing dimethyl disulphide as sulphiding agent), the yield of the target product, furthermore the type and ratio of the deoxygenation reactions and the degree of the paraffin isomerization were determined as a function of the process parameters. On the investigated sulphided catalyst favourable process parameters were found, (350-370°C, 20-40bar, 1.0h-1 LHSV, 500Nm3/m3) where the conversion of triglycerides was over 90% and the yield of the high n- and isoparaffin containing (>99.9%) gas oil boiling range target fraction was relatively high (73.2-75.6%). It was concluded that during the deoxygenation of triglycerides the reduction as well as the decarboxylation/decarbonylation reactions took place, namely C18 and C17 paraffins were formed, too, on the applied catalyst. But the yield of the target fractions did not achieve the theoretical values (81.4-86.5%) at the advantageous process parameters. That is why it is necessary to separate and recirculate the heavy fraction. The isoparaffin content of the target products was significantly higher than the products derived on non-fluorinated catalysts and thus their flow properties are favourable in the aspect of application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume176-177
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

Triglycerides
Gas oils
catalyst
Catalysts
oil
Paraffin
Paraffins
Boiling liquids
Sunflower oil
decarboxylation
Biogas
Sulfides
Isomerization
biogas
gas
biofuel
product
parameter

Keywords

  • Bio gas oil
  • Biofuels
  • Hydrotreating
  • NiMo/AlO/F catalyst
  • Sunflower oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Fuel production by hydrotreating of triglycerides on NiMo/Al2O3/F catalyst. / Kovács, Sándor; Kasza, Tamás; Thernesz, Artur; Horváth, Ilona Wálhné; Hancsók, J.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 176-177, 01.12.2011, p. 237-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kovács, Sándor ; Kasza, Tamás ; Thernesz, Artur ; Horváth, Ilona Wálhné ; Hancsók, J. / Fuel production by hydrotreating of triglycerides on NiMo/Al2O3/F catalyst. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 176-177. pp. 237-243.
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