From the classic genetic counseling to the predictive genetic testing

Zoltán Papp, Ákos Csaba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Significant changes in society's demands have contributed to the introduction of genetic counseling. Society has recognized that for a number of reasons it is preferable to prevent diseases than treat them after their emergence. In the age of »classic genetic counseling«, our means were quite limited. The emergence of screening and diagnostic tools constituted significant progress. Among prenatal diagnostic tools we distinguish between non-invasive and invasive methods. Invasive procedures, unfortunately, carry certain risks for the fetus and the mother. Amniocentesis is the most frequently diagnostic method that has been applied for the longest time. In preimplantation diagnostics, molecular genetical examinations are performed from cells. Prenatal and preimplantation diagnostic procedures are suitable for the determination of the sex. It is now possible to subject an individual to genetic examinations as early as their birth and make a judgment about whether the given disease will develop in the future. These examinations are called »predictive genetic testing«.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-123
Number of pages5
JournalGynaecologia et Perinatologia, Supplement
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2003

Keywords

  • Genetic counseling
  • Predictive testing
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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