A kőbe vésett génektől Michelangelóig: A gén-környezet interakciós modell jelentősége, különböző aspektusai

Translated title of the contribution: From stone-craved genes to Michelangelo: Significance and different aspects of gene-environment interaction

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Although genetic studies have improved a lot in recent years, without clinical relevance sometimes their significance is devalued. Reviewing the major milestones of psychogenomics it can be seen that break-through success is just a question of time. Investigations of direct effect of genetic variants on phenotypes have not yielded positive findings. However, an important step was taken by adapting the gene-environment interaction model. In this model genetic vulnerability stepped into the place of “stone craved” pathology. Further progress happened when studies of environmental factors were combined with genetic function (epigenetics). This model provided the possibility for investigation of therapeutic interventions as environ­mental factors and it was proven that effective treatments exert a modifying effect on gene expression. Moreover, recent developments focus on therapeutic manipulation of gene function (e.g. chemogenetics). Instead of “stone craved” genes up-to-date dynamically interacting gene function became the basis of psychogenomics in which correction of the expression is a potential therapeutic tool. Keeping in mind these trends and developments, there is no doubt that genetics will be a fundamental part of daily clinical routine in the future.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalNeuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
Volume19
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Gene-Environment Interaction
Genes
Genetic Models
Epigenomics
Therapeutics
Pathology
Phenotype
Gene Expression
Craving

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "A kőbe v{\'e}sett g{\'e}nektől Michelangel{\'o}ig: A g{\'e}n-k{\"o}rnyezet interakci{\'o}s modell jelentős{\'e}ge, k{\"u}l{\"o}nb{\"o}ző aspektusai",
abstract = "Although genetic studies have improved a lot in recent years, without clinical relevance sometimes their significance is devalued. Reviewing the major milestones of psychogenomics it can be seen that break-through success is just a question of time. Investigations of direct effect of genetic variants on phenotypes have not yielded positive findings. However, an important step was taken by adapting the gene-environment interaction model. In this model genetic vulnerability stepped into the place of “stone craved” pathology. Further progress happened when studies of environmental factors were combined with genetic function (epigenetics). This model provided the possibility for investigation of therapeutic interventions as environ­mental factors and it was proven that effective treatments exert a modifying effect on gene expression. Moreover, recent developments focus on therapeutic manipulation of gene function (e.g. chemogenetics). Instead of “stone craved” genes up-to-date dynamically interacting gene function became the basis of psychogenomics in which correction of the expression is a potential therapeutic tool. Keeping in mind these trends and developments, there is no doubt that genetics will be a fundamental part of daily clinical routine in the future.",
keywords = "Epigenomics, Gene therapy, Personalized therapy, Programmed development, Psychogenomics",
author = "J. Laz{\'a}ry",
year = "2017",
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N2 - Although genetic studies have improved a lot in recent years, without clinical relevance sometimes their significance is devalued. Reviewing the major milestones of psychogenomics it can be seen that break-through success is just a question of time. Investigations of direct effect of genetic variants on phenotypes have not yielded positive findings. However, an important step was taken by adapting the gene-environment interaction model. In this model genetic vulnerability stepped into the place of “stone craved” pathology. Further progress happened when studies of environmental factors were combined with genetic function (epigenetics). This model provided the possibility for investigation of therapeutic interventions as environ­mental factors and it was proven that effective treatments exert a modifying effect on gene expression. Moreover, recent developments focus on therapeutic manipulation of gene function (e.g. chemogenetics). Instead of “stone craved” genes up-to-date dynamically interacting gene function became the basis of psychogenomics in which correction of the expression is a potential therapeutic tool. Keeping in mind these trends and developments, there is no doubt that genetics will be a fundamental part of daily clinical routine in the future.

AB - Although genetic studies have improved a lot in recent years, without clinical relevance sometimes their significance is devalued. Reviewing the major milestones of psychogenomics it can be seen that break-through success is just a question of time. Investigations of direct effect of genetic variants on phenotypes have not yielded positive findings. However, an important step was taken by adapting the gene-environment interaction model. In this model genetic vulnerability stepped into the place of “stone craved” pathology. Further progress happened when studies of environmental factors were combined with genetic function (epigenetics). This model provided the possibility for investigation of therapeutic interventions as environ­mental factors and it was proven that effective treatments exert a modifying effect on gene expression. Moreover, recent developments focus on therapeutic manipulation of gene function (e.g. chemogenetics). Instead of “stone craved” genes up-to-date dynamically interacting gene function became the basis of psychogenomics in which correction of the expression is a potential therapeutic tool. Keeping in mind these trends and developments, there is no doubt that genetics will be a fundamental part of daily clinical routine in the future.

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