Freeze-Frame: A new infant inhibition task and its relation to frontal cortex tasks during infancy and early childhood

Karla Holmboe, R. M. Pasco Fearon, G. Csibra, Leslie A. Tucker, Mark H. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigated a new, easily administered, visual inhibition task for infants termed the Freeze-Frame task. In the new task, 9-month-olds were encouraged to inhibit looks to peripheral distractors. This was done by briefly freezing a central animated stimulus when infants looked to the distractors. Half of the trials presented an engaging central stimulus, and the other half presented a repetitive central stimulus. Three measures of inhibitory function were derived from the task and compared with performance on a set of frontal cortex tasks administered at 9 and 24 months of age. As expected, infants' ability to learn to selectively inhibit looks to the distractors at 9 months predicted performance at 24 months. However, performance differences in the two Freeze-Frame trial types early in the experiment also turned out to be an important predictor. The results are discussed in terms of the validity of the Freeze-Frame task as an early measure of different components of inhibitory function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-114
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

Frontal Lobe
Freezing

Keywords

  • Early childhood
  • Frontal cortex
  • Infancy
  • Inhibition
  • Longitudinal research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Freeze-Frame : A new infant inhibition task and its relation to frontal cortex tasks during infancy and early childhood. / Holmboe, Karla; Pasco Fearon, R. M.; Csibra, G.; Tucker, Leslie A.; Johnson, Mark H.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 2, 06.2008, p. 89-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Holmboe, Karla ; Pasco Fearon, R. M. ; Csibra, G. ; Tucker, Leslie A. ; Johnson, Mark H. / Freeze-Frame : A new infant inhibition task and its relation to frontal cortex tasks during infancy and early childhood. In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2008 ; Vol. 100, No. 2. pp. 89-114.
@article{e0a5ec196c2c4d67b229c7fb41339a72,
title = "Freeze-Frame: A new infant inhibition task and its relation to frontal cortex tasks during infancy and early childhood",
abstract = "The current study investigated a new, easily administered, visual inhibition task for infants termed the Freeze-Frame task. In the new task, 9-month-olds were encouraged to inhibit looks to peripheral distractors. This was done by briefly freezing a central animated stimulus when infants looked to the distractors. Half of the trials presented an engaging central stimulus, and the other half presented a repetitive central stimulus. Three measures of inhibitory function were derived from the task and compared with performance on a set of frontal cortex tasks administered at 9 and 24 months of age. As expected, infants' ability to learn to selectively inhibit looks to the distractors at 9 months predicted performance at 24 months. However, performance differences in the two Freeze-Frame trial types early in the experiment also turned out to be an important predictor. The results are discussed in terms of the validity of the Freeze-Frame task as an early measure of different components of inhibitory function.",
keywords = "Early childhood, Frontal cortex, Infancy, Inhibition, Longitudinal research",
author = "Karla Holmboe and {Pasco Fearon}, {R. M.} and G. Csibra and Tucker, {Leslie A.} and Johnson, {Mark H.}",
year = "2008",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.jecp.2007.09.004",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "89--114",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Freeze-Frame

T2 - A new infant inhibition task and its relation to frontal cortex tasks during infancy and early childhood

AU - Holmboe, Karla

AU - Pasco Fearon, R. M.

AU - Csibra, G.

AU - Tucker, Leslie A.

AU - Johnson, Mark H.

PY - 2008/6

Y1 - 2008/6

N2 - The current study investigated a new, easily administered, visual inhibition task for infants termed the Freeze-Frame task. In the new task, 9-month-olds were encouraged to inhibit looks to peripheral distractors. This was done by briefly freezing a central animated stimulus when infants looked to the distractors. Half of the trials presented an engaging central stimulus, and the other half presented a repetitive central stimulus. Three measures of inhibitory function were derived from the task and compared with performance on a set of frontal cortex tasks administered at 9 and 24 months of age. As expected, infants' ability to learn to selectively inhibit looks to the distractors at 9 months predicted performance at 24 months. However, performance differences in the two Freeze-Frame trial types early in the experiment also turned out to be an important predictor. The results are discussed in terms of the validity of the Freeze-Frame task as an early measure of different components of inhibitory function.

AB - The current study investigated a new, easily administered, visual inhibition task for infants termed the Freeze-Frame task. In the new task, 9-month-olds were encouraged to inhibit looks to peripheral distractors. This was done by briefly freezing a central animated stimulus when infants looked to the distractors. Half of the trials presented an engaging central stimulus, and the other half presented a repetitive central stimulus. Three measures of inhibitory function were derived from the task and compared with performance on a set of frontal cortex tasks administered at 9 and 24 months of age. As expected, infants' ability to learn to selectively inhibit looks to the distractors at 9 months predicted performance at 24 months. However, performance differences in the two Freeze-Frame trial types early in the experiment also turned out to be an important predictor. The results are discussed in terms of the validity of the Freeze-Frame task as an early measure of different components of inhibitory function.

KW - Early childhood

KW - Frontal cortex

KW - Infancy

KW - Inhibition

KW - Longitudinal research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=42649114454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=42649114454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecp.2007.09.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jecp.2007.09.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 18249410

AN - SCOPUS:42649114454

VL - 100

SP - 89

EP - 114

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

IS - 2

ER -