Fracture behavior of recyclable all-polypropylene composites composed of α- And β-modifications

A. Stocchi, V. Pettarin, A. Izer, T. Bárány, T. Czigány, C. Bernal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fracture behavior of all-PP composites was studied under quasi-static loading conditions. Fracture toughness was evaluated by means of different fracture mechanics approaches depending on materials' behavior. Composites consolidated at low temperature exhibited pop-in features and the failure occurs typically by delamination and tape stretching and fracture. With increasing consolidation quality-i.e., with increasing processing temperature-the delamination became less pronounced, and so the tape stretching occurred, before the specimens break. In composites consolidated at the highest temperature investigated (190°C), the laminate-like structure typical of self-reinforced composites produced according to film-stacking method was lost. Accordingly, composites behave as if they were only α-PP and β-PP matrices: α-rPP exhibited typical brittle fracture of α-PP, while β-rPP exhibited the stable behavior with fully yielded ligament before crack propagation commonly observed for β-PP. In general, stress-strain behavior changed from stable to unstable and fracture toughness strongly decreased as consolidation quality increased. Based on these results and previous findings, it can be concluded that the properties of self-reinforced PP composites can be tailored for a given application through the quality of consolidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-818
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2011

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Keywords

  • fracture behavior
  • polypropylene
  • self-reinforced composites
  • toughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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