In systems exhibiting transient chaos in coexistence with periodic attractors, the inclusion of weak noise might give rise to noise-induced chaotic attractors. When the noise amplitude exceeds a critical value, an extended attractor appears along the fractal unstable manifold of the underlying nonattracting chaotic set. A further increase of noise leads to a fuzzy nonfractal pattern. By means of the concept of snapshot attractors and random maps, we point out that the fuzzy pattern can be decomposed into well-defined fractal components, the snapshot attractors belonging to a given realization of the noise and generated by following an ensemble of noisy trajectories. The pattern of the snapshot attractor and its characteristic numbers, such as the finite time Lyapunov exponents and numerically evaluated fractal dimensions, change continuously in time. We find that this temporal fluctuation is a robust property of the system which hardly changes with increasing ensemble size. The validity of the Kaplan-Yorke formula is also investigated. A superposition of about 100 snapshot attractors provides a good approximant to the fuzzy noise-induced attractor at the same noise strength.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics