A novel approach for the synthesis and identification of higher silanes (SinH2n+2, where n ≤ 19) is presented. Thin films of (d4-)silane deposited onto a cold surface were exposed under ultra-high-vacuum conditions to energetic electrons and sampled on line and in situ via infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Gas phase products released by fractional sublimation in the warm-up phase after the irradiation were probed via a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer coupled with a tunable vacuum ultraviolet photon ionization source. The formation mechanisms of (higher) silanes were investigated by irradiating codeposited 1:1 silane (SiH4)/d4-silane (SiD4) ices, suggesting that both radical-radical recombination and radical insertion pathways contribute to the formation of disilane along with higher silanes up to nonadecasilane (Si19H40).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry