Formation of epitaxial SiC nanocrystals

B. Pécz, Zs Makkai, A. Pongrácz, I. Bársony, P. Deák, K. Josepovits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epitaxial 3C-SiC grains are formed at 1190 °C in the top region of silicon, when Si wafers coated by SiO2 are annealed in CO atmosphere. The formed SiC grains are 40-50 nm high and 100 nm wide in cross-section and contain only few defects. Main advantage of the method is that the final structure is free of voids. The above method is further developed for the generation of SiC nanocrystals, embedded in SiO2 on Si, and aligned parallel with the interface. The nanometer-sized SiC grains were grown into SiO2 close to the Si/SiO2 interface by a two-step annealing of oxide covered Si: first in a CO, than in a pure O2 atmosphere. The first (carbonization) step created epitaxial SiC crystallites grown into the Si surface, while the second (oxidation) step moved the interface beyond them. Conventional and high resolution cross-sectional electron microscopy showed pyramidal Si protrusions at the Si/SiO2 interface under the grains. The size of the grains, as well as their distance from the Si/SiO2 interface (peak of pyramids) can be controlled by the annealing process parameters. The process can be repeated and SiC nanocrystals (oriented in the same way) can be produced in a multilevel structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2671-2674
Number of pages4
JournalSurface Science
Volume601
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Nanocrystals
nanocrystals
Annealing
Carbonization
Silicon
Crystallites
Oxides
Electron microscopy
Oxidation
Defects
atmospheres
annealing
carbonization
pyramids
crystallites
voids
electron microscopy
wafers
oxidation

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Epitaxy
  • SiC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Formation of epitaxial SiC nanocrystals. / Pécz, B.; Makkai, Zs; Pongrácz, A.; Bársony, I.; Deák, P.; Josepovits, K.

In: Surface Science, Vol. 601, No. 13, 01.07.2007, p. 2671-2674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pécz, B. ; Makkai, Zs ; Pongrácz, A. ; Bársony, I. ; Deák, P. ; Josepovits, K. / Formation of epitaxial SiC nanocrystals. In: Surface Science. 2007 ; Vol. 601, No. 13. pp. 2671-2674.
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