Foot and ankle disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

32 Citations (Scopus)


Foot pain is very common, especially in women, owing to inappropriate footwear. Overuse, repetitive strain and minor, easily forgettable injuries may result in chronic foot and ankle pain. Rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies and gout frequently affect the foot, often as a first presentation. Charcot's joints and foot infections are not rare in diabetes. The rheumatologist should be familiar with foot disorders, either localized or as manifestations of generalized disease. History taking, physical examination, identification of the source of pain by intra-articularly given local anaesthetics and imaging methods should be used to reveal the underlying disorder. Correct diagnosis and efficient therapy-including local steroid injections, physiotherapy, orthoses, surgery-are necessary not only for treatment but also for preventing biomechanical chain reactions. This chapter gives an overview of the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of foot pain and foot disorders caused by both local and generalized diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-111
Number of pages25
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003



  • Ankle
  • Assessment; treatment
  • Charcotarthropathy
  • Diabetes
  • Diagnosis; imaging
  • Disease
  • Pain
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Spondyloarthropathies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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