Food-induced thermogenesis in obese children

D. Molnár, P. Varga, I. Rubecz, A. Hamar, J. Mestyán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 11 obese children aged 12.5 (±0.7) years with normal glucose tolerance and 7 lean, control children aged 11.9±0.7 years the preload resting energy expenditure and thermogenic response to a standardised meal was measured by indirect calorimetry. Preload energy expenditure was higher in obese children when expressed in absolute terms than in controls, but was not different when corrected for lean body weight. Four children with obesity of recent onset had lower food-induced thermogenesis and insulin response then seven overweight children with long-standing obesity. Food-induced thermogenesis and insulin response showed a significant positive correlation. It is concluded that food-induced thermogenesis is reduced in the early phase of childhood obesity but increased in the later phase when hyperinsulinaemia develops, pointing towards an important role of insulin in food-induced thermogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-31
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1985

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Thermogenesis
Food
Pediatric Obesity
Insulin
Energy Metabolism
Indirect Calorimetry
Hyperinsulinism
Meals
Obesity
Body Weight
Glucose

Keywords

  • Food-induced thermogenesis
  • Growth hormone
  • Hyperinsulinaemia
  • Immunoreactive insulin
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Food-induced thermogenesis in obese children. / Molnár, D.; Varga, P.; Rubecz, I.; Hamar, A.; Mestyán, J.

In: European Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 144, No. 1, 05.1985, p. 27-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Molnár, D, Varga, P, Rubecz, I, Hamar, A & Mestyán, J 1985, 'Food-induced thermogenesis in obese children', European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 27-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00491920
Molnár, D. ; Varga, P. ; Rubecz, I. ; Hamar, A. ; Mestyán, J. / Food-induced thermogenesis in obese children. In: European Journal of Pediatrics. 1985 ; Vol. 144, No. 1. pp. 27-31.
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