Osteopenia is a common complication in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In this follow-up study the authors investigated the metabolic bone disease in postmenopausal PBC patients. 17 Ca and vitamin D supplemented, postmenopausal female patients with PBC (stage II-IV, age: 41-84, mean: 52, each AMA M2 positive, without ascites) were followed-up for an average of 6.3 years. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured yearly by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (XR26, Norland) in lumbar spine (L2-4), femoral neck (FN), and radius BMC by single photon absorptiometry. Urinary pyridinoline/creatinine (Pyr/c) and deoxypyridinoline/creatinine ratio (D-Pyr/c) by HPLC, 25-OH-D3 level and standard liver function tests were monitored in all patients. At the beginning the BMD was decreased in 7 out of 17 patients (T-score < -2.5). The mean BMD was 0.885 SD +/- 0.26 g/cm2 in L2-4, 0.725 +/- 0.16 g/cm2 in FN and the BMC 0.703 +/- 0.14 g/cm in the radius. During follow-up the rate of annual bone loss was increased in patients with osteoporosis at the start of this study. There was a correlation between the urinary Pyr/c and D-pyr/c values and the annual rate of bone loss in patients with PBC (r: -0.79; p < 0.01). In patients with severe osteoporosis at the time of the diagnosis of PBC a more pronounced progression of bone loss was observed during the follow-up period.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 11 2001|
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