Folate in wheat genotypes in the HEALTHGRAIN diversity screen

Vieno Piironen, Minnamari Edelmann, Susanna Kariluoto, Zoltan Bedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)


As part of the diversity screen of the HEALTHGRAIN project, the total folate contents of bread wheat (130 winter and 20 spring wheat genotypes), durum wheat (10 genotypes), earlier cultivated diploid einkorn and tetraploid emmer wheat (5 genotypes of each), and spelt (5 genotypes), grown in the same location in a controlled manner, were determined by a microbiological assay. The total folate contents ranged from 364 to 774 ng/g of dm in winter wheat and from 323 to 741 ng/g of dm in spring wheat, thus showing a marked variation. The highest mean for total folate content was measured in the durum wheat genotypes, whereas the earlier cultivated diploid and tetraploid wheat genotypes and spelt were shown to possess comparable or even higher folate contents than bread wheat. HPLC analysis of selected genotypes showed that 5-formyltetrahydrofolate was the major vitamer. The data provide a basis for breeding wheat genotypes with improved folate content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9726-9731
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2008


  • Bread wheat
  • Diploid einkorn
  • Durum wheat
  • Folate
  • Folate vitamers
  • Spelt
  • Spring wheat
  • Tetraploid emmer
  • Wheat
  • Wholegrain
  • Winter wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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