Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP, EC 18.104.22.168) is a member of a family of serine peptidases with post-proline cleaving activity towards peptides. It is located in the cytosol in active form but without hydrolytic activity on proteins or peptides higher than 30 amino acids. Its function is not well defined, but it is involved in central nervous system disorders. Here, we studied the substrate specificity of wild type POP (POPwt) and its C255T variant lacking the non-catalytic Cys255. This residue is located in the seven-bladed β-propeller domain that regulates the activity of POP. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) peptides were used with sequences derived from bradykinin-containing region of human kininogen and flanked by Abz (ortho-aminobenzoic acid) and EDDnp [N-ethylenediamine-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)]. The peptide Abz-GFSPFRQ-EDDnp was taken as leader substrate for the synthesis of five series of peptides modified at the P3, P2, P′1, P′2 and P′3 residues. The optimal amino acids in each position for POPwt resulted in the sequence RRPYIR that is very similar to the C-terminal sequence of neurotensin. The cyclic peptides c(G(n)FSPFR) (n = 1-4) were hydrolyzed by POP; their cycloretro and cycloretro-inverso analogues were inhibitors in the micromolar range. The differences between POPwt and its C255T mutant in the hydrolysis of the series derived from Abz-GFSPFRQ-EDDnp were restricted to the non-prime site of the substrates. The kinetic data of hydrolysis and inhibition by the cyclic peptides are consistent with the structures of POP-substrate/inhibitor complexes and with the substrate specificity data obtained with linear FRET peptides. All together, these results give information about the POP-substrate/inhibitor interactions that further complete knowledge of this important oligopeptidase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience