Fluctuating local moments, itinerant electrons, and the magnetocaloric effect: Compositional hypersensitivity of FeRh

J. B. Staunton, R. Banerjee, M. Dos Santos Dias, A. Deak, L. Szunyogh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe an ab initio disordered local moment theory for materials with quenched static compositional disorder traversing first-order magnetic phase transitions. It accounts quantitatively for metamagnetic changes and the magnetocaloric effect. For perfect stoichiometric B2-ordered FeRh, we calculate the transition temperature of the ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic transition to be Tt= 495 K and a maximum isothermal entropy change in 2 T of |ΔS|=21.1 J K-1 kg-1. A large (40%) component of |ΔS| is electronic. The transition results from a fine balance of competing electronic effects which is disturbed by small compositional changes; e.g., swapping just 2% Fe of "defects" onto the Rh sublattice makes Tt drop by 290 K. This hypersensitivity explains the narrow compositional range of the transition and impurity doping effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054427
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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