Flame retardancy study on magnesium hydroxide associated with clays of different morphology in polypropylene matrix

B. B. Marosfoi, S. Garas, B. Bodzay, F. Zubonyai, G. Marosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fire retardancy behavior of polypropylene-magnesium hydroxide-clay composites of different morphologies is presented. Layer- and needle-like clay nanoparticles in natural and organically surface modified form have been compared. Fire retardant performance of the composites was evaluated by conical combustor and by horizontal burning test, while the structure was characterized by SEM. Rheological analysis of varied temperature provided further information about the strength of the formed combustion residue. The results confirm that fibrous and layered clay nanofillers act synergistically and can be combined with MH microfillers advantageously for improving the flame retardancy of PP composites. Significant improvements were observed in combustion parameters, as well as in flammability classifications. Combination of montmorillonite and sepiolite type of clays resulted in the increased time to ignition, and markedly decreased heat release rate. These advancements are ascribed to the char stabilizer effect of nanofillers leading to increased strength of the residue. It is also concluded that not only the interaction between micro- and nanofillers, but also the nanofillers-nanofillers interaction plays a key role in fire retardant mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-700
Number of pages8
JournalPolymers for Advanced Technologies
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2008

Keywords

  • Fire retardancy
  • Metal hydroxide
  • Montmorillonite
  • Polypropylene
  • Sepiolite
  • Synergistic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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