First detection of circovirus-like sequences in amphibians and novel putative circoviruses in fishes

Zoltán Tarján, Judit Pénzes, Róza Tóth, Mária Benko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


The negative samples of a collection, established originally for seeking new adeno-and herpesviruses in lower vertebrates, were screened for the pres-ence of circoviruses by a consensus nested PCR targeting the gene coding for the replication-associated protein. Six fish samples representing five species, namely asp (Aspius aspius), roach (Rutilus rutilus), common bream (Abramis brama), round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and monkey goby (Neogobius fluviatilis), as well as three frog samples were found positive for circoviral DNA. Sequence analysis of the amplicons indicated the presence of three novel putative circo-like viruses and a circovirus in Hungarian fishes and one novel circovirus in a common toad (Bufo bufo), and another one in a dead and an alive specimen of green tree frog (Litoria caerulea), respectively. In phylogeny reconstruction, the putative bream circovirus clustered together with circoviruses discovered in other cyprinid fishes recently. Three other piscine circoviral sequences appeared closest to sequences derived from different environmental samples. Surprisingly, the nucleotide sequence derived from two fish samples (a bream and a monkey goby) proved to be from porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), almost identical to a sequence detected in Sweden previously. This is the first report on the detection of PCV2 in fish and circoviral DNA in amphibian hosts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-144
Number of pages11
JournalActa veterinaria Hungarica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2014


  • Circovirus
  • fish
  • frog
  • nested PCR
  • phylogenetic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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